X11-Basic BASIC programming language. https://x11-basic.codeberg.page
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Markus Hoffmann aebbde7084 Improve README, --> codeberg 3 months ago
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(c) 1997-2021 by Markus Hoffmann

A Basic interpreter and compiler with graphics capabilities

Version : 1.28 
Group   : Development/Languages
License : GPL

Home-Page : https://x11-basic.codeberg.page/

X11-Basic is a dialect of the BASIC programming language with graphics and sound. It has a very rich command set, though it is still easy to learn. The structure of the language is similar to the ATARI-ST GFA-BASIC. It is a structured dialect with no line numbers.

X11-Basic supports complex numbers and complex math, as well as arbitrary big numbers and calculations, as well as very fast 32bit integer and 64bit floating point operations, very powerful string handling functions for character strings of any length and any content.

Basic programs can be written with any (third party) text editor.

Programs can be compiled into a platform independent bytecode.

You can directly type in commands and formulas, which are being evaluated. This way the interpreter works also as a pocket calculator.

A full manual and command reference is available.

Many example programs can be found in this collection: https://codeberg.org/kollo/X11-Basic_examples

For further documentation please refer to the X11-Basic home page: https://x11-basic.codeberg.page/ or http://x11-basic.sourceforge.net/

The Android version of X11-Basic can be found here: https://codeberg.org/kollo/X11-Basic


This package includes the basic interpreter named xbasic and a set of different compilers.

A compiler manager (xbc) is included which makes stand alone binaries out of the BASIC programs, which run more than 10 times faster than the interpreted code.

X11-Basic programs can also be compiled into a bytecode (see xbbc). This bytecode can be interpreted by a virtual machine (see xbvm). Finally, the bytecode can be converted to C source files (see xb2c) which can be compiled with the gnu C compiler (or the tiny C compiler) to native excecutables.

Ancient ANSI-Basic programs (with line numbers) can be converted to X11-Basic with the bas2x11basic program (see the man page bas2x11basic(1) ).

You will find the compiler sourcecode and some other sample programs in /usr/share/doc/packages/X11Basic/examples. However, a much bigger variety of other sample programs can be found in an X11-Basic examples repository https://codeberg.org/kollo/X11-Basic_examples

Please also refer to the home page https://x11-basic.codeberg.page/ . Also an up-to-date pdf-version of the user manual can be found there. You may want to have a look there for further information.

Important Note:

X11-BASIC is free software and comes with NO WARRANTY - 
read the file [COPYING](COPYING) for details

(Basically that means, free, open source, use and modify as you like, don't incorporate it into non-free software, no warranty of any sort, don't blame me if it doesn't work.)

Standard Installation

Starting from the src/ directory you should do a


And for a system wide installation:

sudo make install

To remove the installation:

sudo make uninstall

For further details of the installation process, additional configuration options and different install options please read the file INSTALL.


(only if you have special needs or if the standard installation fails)

The configure script takes additional arguments.

'configure' configures X11-Basic to adapt to many kinds of systems.

Usage: ./configure [OPTION]... [VAR=VALUE]...

To assign environment variables (e.g., CC, CFLAGS...), specify them as VAR=VALUE. See below for descriptions of some of the useful variables.

Defaults for the options are specified in brackets.

  -h, --help              display this help and exit
  -V, --version           display version information and exit
  -q, --quiet, --silent   do not print `checking ...' messages
  -C, --config-cache      alias for `--cache-file=config.cache'
      --srcdir=DIR        find the sources in DIR [configure dir or `..']

Installation directories:
  --prefix=PREFIX         install architecture-independent files in PREFIX
  --exec-prefix=EPREFIX   install architecture-dependent files in EPREFIX

By default, 'make install' will install all the files in '/usr/local/bin', '/usr/local/lib' etc. You can specify an installation prefix other than '/usr/local' using '--prefix', for instance '--prefix=$HOME'.

For better control, use the options below.

Fine tuning of the installation directories:
  --bindir=DIR            user executables [EPREFIX/bin]
  --libdir=DIR            object code libraries [EPREFIX/lib]
  --includedir=DIR        C header files [PREFIX/include]
  --oldincludedir=DIR     C header files for non-gcc [/usr/include]
  --datarootdir=DIR       read-only arch.-independent data root [PREFIX/share]
  --datadir=DIR           read-only architecture-independent data [DATAROOTDIR]
  --mandir=DIR            man documentation [DATAROOTDIR/man]
  --docdir=DIR            documentation root [DATAROOTDIR/doc/x11-basic]

X features:
  --x-includes=DIR    X include files are in DIR
  --x-libraries=DIR   X library files are in DIR

Optional Features:
  --disable-option-checking  ignore unrecognized --enable/--with options
  --disable-FEATURE       do not include FEATURE (same as --enable-FEATURE=no)
  --enable-FEATURE[=ARG]  include FEATURE [ARG=yes]
  --enable-cryptography   enable cryptographic features [default=no]
  --enable-static         only produce static libraries [default=no]
  --enable-smallram       make version siutable for systems with small RAM
  --enable-german         make german version [default=no]

Optional Packages:
  --with-PACKAGE[=ARG]    use PACKAGE [ARG=yes]
  --without-PACKAGE       do not use PACKAGE (same as --with-PACKAGE=no)
  --with-bluetooth        support blutooth [default=yes]
  --with-usb              support USB [default=yes]
  --with-mqtt             support mqtt [default=no]
  --with-readline         support readline library [default=yes]
  --with-framebuffer      support framebuffer [default=no]
  --with-sdl              support SDL library [default=no]
  --with-x                use the X Window System [default=yes]

Some influential environment variables:
  CC          C compiler command
  CFLAGS      C compiler flags
  LDFLAGS     linker flags, e.g. -L if you have libraries in a
              nonstandard directory 
  LIBS        libraries to pass to the linker, e.g. -l
  CPPFLAGS    (Objective) C/C++ preprocessor flags, e.g. -I if
              you have headers in a nonstandard directory 
  CPP         C preprocessor

Use these variables to override the choices made by `configure' or to help it to find libraries and programs with nonstandard names/locations.

Different make methods:

standalone excecutables (statically linked)

To compile the X11-Basic interpreter (called xbasic.static), simply type

make static

at the shell prompt. The produced file is independent of the x11basic library and does not need the x11basic framework to be installed.

After X11Basic has been compiled and linked successfully, you can start it by typing


INSTALLING the standalone excecutable: Put the executable wherever you like. I have mine in ${HOME}/bin/.

If you want to use the compilers, you have to make both the static and dynamic libraries.

cd ./src
make lib              will generate libx11basic.so
make x11basic.a       will generate x11basic.a

-- now you have to be root to install the libraries at a place where the compiler can use them --

mv libx11basic.so /usr/lib/
mv x11basic.a /usr/lib/

-- please also check the permissions of the files:

chmod 755 	/usr/lib/x11basic.a		
chmod 755       /usr/lib/libx11basic.so 

Finally, this will produce the statically linked versions of the compilers:

make xbbc.static xbvm.static xb2c.static xbc

The framebuffer version

It is possible to compile a version of X11-Basic and its libraries, which does not need the X.org framework, but instead uses the systems framebuffer and direct mouse device for graphics in and output. This might be useful on e.g. the Raspberry Pi or for other handheld devices with low resources.

make fb

will produce the framebuffer version of the interpreter called fbxbasic.

64bit operating systems

X11-Basic will compile on 64bit systems but it will not be 100% functional. X11-Basic internally uses 32bit pointers (--> VARPTR()). These are not compatible with 64bit. Some tricks have been implemented to make it work anyways, but do not expect 100% compatibility.

Crosscompiling for other platforms

a) ATARI ST (with m68k-atari-mint)

make tos

b) TomTom (with the ARM linux toolchain)

make TomTom

c) MS WINDOWS (with i586-mingw32msvc-gcc)

make windows

For more details you may want to look into the Makefile. Improvements are welcome.

Using docker

You can also automate the build process using a docker image. To create the docker image do

cd src/
touch docker/Dockerfile
make docker

If everything works out well, you will find debian packages for linux as well as the ATARI ST version and the WINDOWS installer in src/docker. Please read also the correspnding README file. You can of course also run X11-Basic from that docker container:

XAUTHORITY=$(xauth info | grep "Authority file" | awk '{ print $3 }')
docker run -ti -v`pwd`:/work/ --net=host -e DISPLAY -v /tmp/.X11-unix:/tmp/.X11-unix:ro \
-v $(XAUTHORITY):/root/.Xauthority:ro kollo/x11basic:1.28-64


Sources and binary packages (look at the releases section):

Get it on Codeberg Get it on F-Droid