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rmw (ReMove to Waste) is a safe-remove utility for the command line. It can move and restore files to and from directories specified in a configuration file, and can also be integrated with your regular desktop trash folder (if your desktop environment uses the FreeDesktop.org Trash specification). One of the unique features of rmw is the ability to purge items from your waste (or trash) directories after x number of days.
Web site: https://remove-to-waste.info/
rmw is for people who sometimes use rm or rmdir at the command line and would occasionally like an alternative choice. It's not intended or designed to act as a replacement for rm, as it's more closely related to how the FreeDesktop.org trash system functions.
Features and Usage
OPTIONS -h, --help show help for command line options -c, --config FILE use an alternate configuration -l, --list list waste directories -g[N_DAYS], --purge[=N_DAYS] purge expired files; optional argument 'N_DAYS' overrides 'expire_age' value from the configuration file (Examples: -g90, --purge=90) By default, purging is disabled ('expire_age' is set to '0' in the configuration file). To enable, set the 'expire_age' value in your config file to a value greater than '0' You can use '-vvg' to see when the remaining files in the waste directories will expire. -o, --orphaned check for orphaned files (maintenance) An orphan is an item in a waste directory that has no corresponding .trashinfo file, or vice versa. This option is intended primarily for developers. Orphans may happen while testing code changes or if rmw is unintentionally released with a bug. (see also: <https://remove-to-waste.info/faq.html#dot_trashinfo>) -f, --force allow purging of expired files rmw will refuse to purge directories if they contain non-writable files or subdirectories. rmw will show a message that tells you "permission denied; directory still contains files". To override, you can re-run rmw using '-ffg'. By default, force is not required to enable the purge feature. If you would like to require it, add 'force_required' to your config file. -e, --empty completely empty (purge) all waste directories -r, -R, --recursive option used for compatibility with rm (recursive operation is enabled by default) -v, --verbose increase output messages -w, --warranty display warranty -V, --version display version and license information RESTORING -z, --restore FILE(s) To restore items, specify the path to them in the <WASTE>/files directory (wildcards ok). When restoring an item, if a file or directory with the same name already exists at the destination, the item being restored will have a time/date string (formatted as "_%H%M%S-%y%m%d") appended to it (e.g. 'foo_164353-210508'). -s, --select select files from list to restore Displays a list of items in your waste directories. You can use the left/right cursor keys to switch between waste directories. Use the space bar to select the items you wish to restore, then press enter to restore all selected items. -u, --undo-last undo last move Restores files that were last rmw'ed -m, --most-recent-list list most recently rmw'ed files ENVIRONMENT These variables are intended only to be used for testing. See the code- testing page on the rmw website for more details. RMW_FAKE_HOME RMW_FAKE_YEAR RMW_FAKE_MEDIA_ROOT FILES On some systems, $HOME/.config and $HOME/.local/share may be replaced with $XDG_CONFIG_HOME and $XDG_DATA_HOME $HOME/.config/rmwrc configuration file $HOME/.local/share/rmw/purge-time text file that stores the time of the last purge $HOME/.local/share/rmw/mrl text file containing a list of items that were last rmw'ed NOTES rmw will not move items from one file system to another. If you try to rmw a file but don't have a waste directory configured that matches the file system on which it resides, rmw will refuse to do anything with it. DESKTOP INTEGRATION Items will be moved to a waste basket in the same manner as when using the "move to trash" option from your desktop GUI. They will be separated from your desktop trash by default; or if you wish for them to share the same "trash" directory, uncomment the line (in your config file): (Note that this does not apply to MacOS; while rmw is yet unable to integrate with the desktop trash directory, you'll still be able to use the default Waste directory.) WASTE = $HOME/.local/share/Trash then comment out the line WASTE = $HOME/.local/share/Waste You can reverse which directories are enabled at any time if you ever change your mind. If both directories are on the same filesystem, rmw will use the directory listed first in your config file. It can be beneficial to have them both uncommented. If your desktop trash directory (~/.local/share/Trash) is listed after the rmw default (~/.local/share/Waste) and uncommented, rmw will place newly rmw'ed items into the default, and it will purge expired files from both. When rmw'ing an item, if a file or directory with the same name already exists in the waste (or trash) directory, it will not be overwritten; instead, the current file being rmw'ed will have a time/date string (formatted as "_%H%M%S-%y%m%d") appended to it (e.g. 'foo_164353-210508'). REMOVABLE MEDIA The first time rmw is run, it will create a configuration file. Waste directories will be created automatically (Except for when the ',removable' option is used; see below) e.g., if '$HOME/.local/share/Waste' is uncommented in the config file, these two directories will be created: $HOME/.local/share/Waste/files $HOME/.local/share/Waste/info If a WASTE directory is on removable media, you may append ',removable'. In that case, rmw will not try to create it; it must be initially created manually. When rmw runs, it will check to see if the directory exists (which means the removable media containing the directory is currently mounted). If rmw can't find the directory, it is assumed the media containing the directory isn't mounted and that directory will not be used for the current run of rmw. With the media mounted, once you manually create the waste directory for that device (e.g. "/mnt/flash/.Trash-$UID") and run rmw, it will automatically create the two required child directories "files" and "info". EXAMPLES RESTORING rmw -z ~/.local/share/Waste/files/foo rmw -z ~/.local/share/Waste/files/bars* CONFIGURATION WASTE=/mnt/flash/.Trash-$UID, removable When using the removable attribute, you must also manually create the directory expire_age = 45 rmw will permanently delete files that have been in the waste (or trash) for more than 45 days. AUTHORS Project Manager: Andy Alt The RMW team: see AUTHORS.md REPORTING BUGS Report bugs to <https://github.com/theimpossibleastronaut/rmw/issues>. COPYRIGHT Copyright © 2012-2021 Andy Alt License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <https://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>. This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.
See the Screenshots page on the website.
Contact / Support
rmw is available in the homebrew and linuxbrew repositories; or there may may be a binary package available for your OS. You can view a list at Repology to see in which repositories rmw is included. Since v0.7.09, x86_64 AppImages are available.
AppImages and maintainer-created amd64 Debian packages are available in the releases section.
Installing from source
- libncursesw (ncurses-devel on some systems, such as CentOS)
- gettext (or use '-Dnls=false' if you only need English language support)
If you're building from source, you will need the libncursesw(5 or 6)-dev package from your operating system distribution. On some systems just the ncurses packages is needed, and it's often already installed.
As a normal user:
(This examples places the generated files to a separate folder, but you can run 'configure' from any directory you like.)
meson builddir cd builddir ninja
meson configure in the build dir to view available options.
Installing without superuser privileges
If you would like to install rmw without superuser privileges, use a prefix that you have write access to. Example:
meson -Dprefix=$HOME/.local builddir
or while in the build dir
meson configure -Dprefix=$HOME/.local
In the example above, the rmw binary will be installed to
$HOME/.local/bin and documentation to
If ncurses can't be found
On macOS, you may get a message during 'configure' that the menu
library can't be found. The ncurses menu library isn't provided by
default but can be installed using
brew install ncurses. Then run
'configure' like this:
Or you can install rmw using brew.
ninja uninstall (uninstalls the program if installed with 'ninja install`)
Note that the uninstall does not remove any language files that were installed. To remove them: