styling-articles #126

Merged
baobab merged 13 commits from :styling-articles into master 3 months ago
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      articles/badwolf.html
  2. 80
      articles/badwolf_de.html
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  4. 69
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  5. 241
      articles/brave.html
  6. 238
      articles/brave_ru.html
  7. 240
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      articles/cdex.html
  9. 226
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  13. 72
      articles/clementine.html
  14. 478
      articles/discord.html
  15. 313
      articles/discord_es.html
  16. 158
      articles/dissenter.html
  17. 148
      articles/duckduckgo.html
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      articles/duckduckgo_es.html
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      articles/explorer.html
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      articles/google.html
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      articles/google_search.html
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  26. 10
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  27. 67
      articles/gzdoom.html
  28. 49
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  29. 45
      articles/hexchat_ru.html
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      articles/http.html
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      articles/icecat.html
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  34. 9
      articles/icecat_it.html
  35. 228
      articles/index.html
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      articles/instagram.html
  37. 4
      articles/instagram_es.html
  38. 6
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  44. 76
      articles/lynx.html
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@ -1,37 +1,39 @@
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.1//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml11/DTD/xhtml11.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.w3.org/MarkUp/SCHEMA/xhtml11.xsd" xml:lang="en">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-type" content="application/xhtml+xml;charset=utf-8"/>
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1"/>
<meta http-equiv="onion-location" content="http://spywaredrcdg5krvjnukp3vbdwiqcv3zwbrcg6qh27kiwecm4qyfphid.onion/articles/badwolf.html"/>
<link rel="icon" href = "../images/favicon.ico"/>
<title>BadWolf - Spyware Watchdog</title>
<link href="../style.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" media="all"/>
</head>
<body>
<div class="case">
<div class="nav">
<a href="index.html">&larr; Catalog</a>
</div>
<div class="center">
<img src="../images/badwolf.png" alt="BadWolf Logo"/>
<h1>BadWolf</h1>
<p>Badwolf is a minimalist and privacy-oriented web browser based on WebKitGTK.</p>
<h2>Spyware Level: <span class="green">Not Spyware</span></h2>
<p>BadWolf <span class="green">makes no unsolicited requests at all.</span></p>
<p>BadWolf is a pretty decent browser worth looking into. A couple of neat features worth noting is that BadWolf has a JavaScript switch and an image viewer switch, which is useful for daily tasks.</p>
<hr></hr>
<h4>Further Reading</h4>
<p><a href="https://hacktivis.me/projects/badwolf">BadWolf Homepage</a></p>
<hr></hr>
<p>This article was created on 6/19/2021</p>
<p>This article was lasted edited on 6/19/2021</p>
<hr></hr>
<p>If you want to contribute to this website, you can always <a href="https://codeberg.org/shadow/SpywareWatchdog">make a pull request</a>.</p>
<p>All contributions must be licensed under the CC0 license to be accepted.</p>
<a href="../LICENSE.txt"><img class="icon" src="../images/cc0.png" alt="CC0 License"/></a>
</div>
</div>
</body>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" lang="en" xml:lang="en">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-type" content="application/xhtml+xml;charset=utf-8"/>
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1"/>
<title>BadWolf - Spyware Watchdog</title>
<link rel="stylesheet" href="../style.css"/>
</head>
<body>
<div class="case">
<div class="nav"><a href="index.html">&larr; Catalog</a></div>
<div class="main">
<img src="../images/badwolf.png" alt="BadWolf Logo"/>
<h1>BadWolf</h1>
<p>Badwolf is a minimalist and privacy-oriented web browser based on WebKitGTK.</p>
<h2>Spyware Level: <span class="green">Not Spyware</span></h2>
<p>BadWolf <span class="green">makes no unsolicited requests at all.</span></p>
<p>BadWolf is a pretty decent browser worth looking into. A couple of neat features worth noting is that BadWolf has a JavaScript switch and an image viewer switch, which is useful for daily tasks.</p>
</div>
<hr/>
<div class="footer">
<div class="futher">
<h4>Further Reading:</h4>
<ol>
<li><a href="https://hacktivis.me/projects/badwolf">BadWolf Homepage</a></li>
</ol>
</div>
<hr/>
<b>This article was created on 6/19/2021</b>
<br/>
<b>This article was lasted edited on 6/19/2021</b>
<p>If you want to edit this article, or contribute your own article(s), visit us at the git repo on <a href="https://codeberg.org/shadow/SpywareWatchdog">Codeberg</a>.</p>
<p>All contributions must be licensed under the CC0 license to be accepted.</p>
<a href="../LICENSE.txt"><img class="icon" src="../images/cc0.png" alt="CC0 License"/></a>
</div>
</div>
</body>
</html>

@ -1,43 +1,39 @@
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.1//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml11/DTD/xhtml11.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.w3.org/MarkUp/SCHEMA/xhtml11.xsd" xml:lang="en">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-type" content="application/xhtml+xml;charset=utf-8"/>
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1"/>
<meta http-equiv="onion-location" content="http://spywaredrcdg5krvjnukp3vbdwiqcv3zwbrcg6qh27kiwecm4qyfphid.onion/articles/badwolf_de.html"/>
<link rel="icon" href = "../images/favicon.ico"/>
<title>BadWolf - Spyware Watchdog</title>
<link href="../style.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" media="all"/>
</head>
<body>
<div class="case">
<div class="nav">
<a href="index.html">&larr; Catalog</a>
</div>
<div class="center">
<img src="../images/badwolf.png" alt="BadWolf Logo"/>
<h1>BadWolf</h1>
<p>Badwolf ist ein minimalistischer und auf Privatsphäre ausgelegter Webbrowser, basierend auf WebKitGTK.</p>
<h2>Spyware-Level: <span class="green">Keine Spyware</span></h2>
<p>BadWolf <span class="green">stellt nicht ungefragt Verbindungen her.</span></p>
<p>BadWolf ist ein guter Browser und definitiv einen Blick wert. Die nützlichsten Funktionen sind der integrierte JavaScript-Schalter und die Option, Bilder standardmässig nicht anzuzeigen.</p>
<hr></hr>
<h4>Weitere Informationen</h4>
<p><a href="https://hacktivis.me/projects/badwolf">BadWolf Homepage</a></p>
<hr></hr>
<p>Dieser Artikel wurde am 19.6.2022 erstellt</p>
<p>Dieser Artikel wurde zuletzt am 12.2.2022 bearbeitet</p>
<hr></hr>
<!--Dont change-->
<p>
If you want to edit this article, or contribute your own article(s), visit us
at the git repo on
<a href="https://codeberg.org/shadow/SpywareWatchdog">Codeberg</a>.
</p>
<p>All contributions must be licensed under the CC0 license to be accepted.</p>
<a href="../LICENSE.txt"><img class="icon" src="../images/cc0.png" alt="CC0 License"/></a>
<!--Dont change-->
</div>
</div>
</body>
</html>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" lang="de" xml:lang="de">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-type" content="application/xhtml+xml;charset=utf-8"/>
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1"/>
<title>BadWolf - Spyware Watchdog</title>
<link rel="stylesheet" href="../style.css"/>
</head>
<body>
<div class="case">
<div class="nav"><a href="index.html">&larr; Catalog</a></div>
<div class="main">
<img src="../images/badwolf.png" alt="BadWolf Logo"/>
<h1>BadWolf</h1>
<p>Badwolf ist ein minimalistischer und auf Privatsphäre ausgelegter Webbrowser, basierend auf WebKitGTK.</p>
<h2>Spyware-Level: <span class="green">Keine Spyware</span></h2>
<p>BadWolf <span class="green">stellt nicht ungefragt Verbindungen her.</span></p>
<p>BadWolf ist ein guter Browser und definitiv einen Blick wert. Die nützlichsten Funktionen sind der integrierte JavaScript-Schalter und die Option, Bilder standardmässig nicht anzuzeigen.</p>
</div>
<hr/>
<div class="footer">
<div class="futher">
<h4>Weitere Informationen:</h4>
<ol>
<li><a href="https://hacktivis.me/projects/badwolf">BadWolf Homepage</a></li>
</ol>
</div>
<hr/>
<b>Dieser Artikel wurde am 19.6.2022 erstellt</b>
<br/>
<b>Dieser Artikel wurde zuletzt am 12.2.2022 bearbeitet</b>
<p>If you want to edit this article, or contribute your own article(s), visit us at the git repo on <a href="https://codeberg.org/shadow/SpywareWatchdog">Codeberg</a>.</p>
<p>All contributions must be licensed under the CC0 license to be accepted.</p>
<a href="../LICENSE.txt"><img class="icon" src="../images/cc0.png" alt="CC0 License"/></a>
</div>
</div>
</body>
</html>

@ -1,168 +1,50 @@
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" lang="en" xml:lang="en">
<head>
<meta
http-equiv="Content-type"
content="application/xhtml+xml;charset=utf-8"
/>
<title>Bing — Spyware Watchdog</title>
<link rel="stylesheet" href="../style.css" />
</head>
<body>
<div class="case">
<div class="nav"><a href="index.html">&larr; Catalog</a></div>
<div class="main">
<img src="../images/bing_logo.png" alt="Bing Logo" />
<h1>Bing</h1>
<h2>Spyware Level: <span class="red">EXTREMELY HIGH</span></h2>
<p>
Bing is yet another spyware search engine that collects your
information and sells it to advertisers. It's strongly recommended
that you do not use Bing.
</p>
<p>
At some point Bing had a privacy policy, but Microsoft doesn't seem to
be hosting it anymore. So, this article will look at the Microsoft
Privacy Statement<sup><a href="#s1">[1]</a></sup> to help us
understand what information Bing collects. Similarly to the privacy
policies of Google and Apple, the Microsoft privacy statement eclipses
the entire spyware platform and does not help you understand in great
detail what kind of information one single program could be
collecting. (although this policy is more specific)
</p>
<h3>Bing collects your search history</h3>
<p>
From the Microsoft Privacy Statement<sup><a href="#s1">[1]</a></sup
>:
</p>
<p>
<i>
"Microsoft collects data from you, through our interactions with you
and through our products for a variety of purposes described
below. [...] You provide some of this data directly, such as when
you [...] submit a search query to Bing"
</i>
</p>
<p>
Later in the Interactions -> Device and usage data section of this
statement, it is clarified again that Microsoft collects your:
<i>"Browse History. Data about the web pages you visit."</i>, as well
as your:
<i
>"Images. Images and related information, such as picture metadata.
For example, we collect the image you provide when you use a Bing
image-enabled service."</i
>
</p>
<p>
Microsoft claims to store this information for an unlimited amount of
time, but it claims that it will eventually anonymize this information
in a process that takes 18 months to complete.
</p>
<p></p>
<p>
<i>
"Has Microsoft adopted and announced a specific retention period for
a certain data type? For example, for Bing search queries, we
de-identify stored queries by removing the entirety of the IP
address after 6 months, and cookie IDs and other cross-session
identifiers after 18 months. "
</i>
</p>
<h3>Bing uses your search history to profile you for advertising</h3>
<p>
From the Microsoft Privacy Statement<sup><a href="#s1">[1]</a></sup
>:
</p>
<p>
<i>
"Microsoft may use data we collect to select and deliver some of the
ads you see on Microsoft web properties, such as Microsoft.com, MSN
and Bing."
</i>
</p>
<p>
So since your search history is part of the "data we collect", the
natural conclusion is that, your search queries are being used to
profile you for advertising. And of course, this is confirmed in this
section:
</p>
<p>
<i>
"The ads that you see may be selected based on data we process about
you, such as your interests and favorites, your location, your
transactions, how you use our products,
<b>
<font color="red"> your search queries </font>
</b>
, or the content you view. For example, if you view content on MSN
about automobiles, we may show advertisements about cars; if you
search “pizza places in Seattle” on Bing, you may see advertisements
in your search results for restaurants in Seattle."
</i>
</p>
<h3>Bing sells your search history to other spyware platforms</h3>
<p>
From the Microsoft Privacy Statement<sup><a href="#s1">[1]</a></sup
>:
</p>
<p>
<i>
"We may share data we collect with third parties, such as Oath,
AppNexus, or Facebook (see below), so that the ads you see in our
products, their products, or other sites and apps serviced by these
partners are more relevant and valuable to you. "
</i>
</p>
</div>
<hr />
<div class="footer">
<div class="sources">
<h4>Sources:</h4>
<ol>
<li id="s1">
<a href="https://privacy.microsoft.com/en-us/privacystatement"
>Microsoft Privacy Statement</a
>
<a
href="http://web.archive.org/web/20180528165116/https://privacy.microsoft.com/en-us/privacystatement"
>[web.archive.org]</a
>
<a href="https://archive.li/u7eZJ">[archive.li]</a><br />
<a href="https://etched.page/b6c0a12757e73a68f1ad76e084aeb32d0123bc4b7aa223623af5440b97ae27c7/https://privacy.microsoft.com/en-us/privacystatement">[etched.page]</a><br />
<a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/WxFhT?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a><br />
</li>
</ol>
</div>
<hr />
<b>This article was last edited on 08/17/2021</b>
<!--Dont change-->
<p>
If you want to edit this article, or contribute your own article(s), visit us
at the git repo on
<a href="https://codeberg.org/shadow/SpywareWatchdog">Codeberg</a>.
</p>
<p>
All contributions must be licensed under the CC0 license to be
accepted.
</p>
<a href="../LICENSE.txt">
<img class="icon" src="../images/cc0.png" alt="CC0 License" />
</a>
<!--Dont change-->
</div>
</div>
</body>
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-type" content="application/xhtml+xml;charset=utf-8"/>
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1"/>
<title>Bing — Spyware Watchdog</title>
<link rel="stylesheet" href="../style.css"/>
</head>
<body>
<div class="case">
<div class="nav"><a href="index.html">&larr; Catalog</a></div>
<div class="main">
<img src="../images/bing_logo.png" alt="Bing Logo"/>
<h1>Bing</h1>
<h2>Spyware Level: <span class="red">EXTREMELY HIGH</span></h2>
<p>Bing is yet another spyware search engine that collects your information and sells it to advertisers. It's strongly recommended that you do not use Bing.</p>
<p> At some point Bing had a privacy policy, but Microsoft doesn't seem to be hosting it anymore. So, this article will look at the Microsoft Privacy Statement<sup><a href="#s1">[1]</a></sup> to help us understand what information Bing collects. Similarly to the privacy policies of Google and Apple, the Microsoft privacy statement eclipses the entire spyware platform and does not help you understand in great detail what kind of information one single program could be collecting. (although this policy is more specific)</p>
<h3>Bing collects your search history</h3>
<p>From the Microsoft Privacy Statement<sup><a href="#s1">[1]</a></sup>:</p>
<p><i>"Microsoft collects data from you, through our interactions with you and through our products for a variety of purposes described below. [...] You provide some of this data directly, such as when you [...] submit a search query to Bing"</i></p>
<p>Later in the Interactions -> Device and usage data section of this statement, it is clarified again that Microsoft collects your: <i>"Browse History. Data about the web pages you visit."</i>, as well as your: <i>"Images. Images and related information, such as picture metadata. For example, we collect the image you provide when you use a Bing image-enabled service."</i></p>
<p>Microsoft claims to store this information for an unlimited amount of time, but it claims that it will eventually anonymize this information in a process that takes 18 months to complete.</p>
<p><i>"Has Microsoft adopted and announced a specific retention period for a certain data type? For example, for Bing search queries, we de-identify stored queries by removing the entirety of the IP address after 6 months, and cookie IDs and other cross-session identifiers after 18 months."</i></p>
<h3>Bing uses your search history to profile you for advertising</h3>
<p>From the Microsoft Privacy Statement<sup><a href="#s1">[1]</a></sup>:</p>
<p><i>"Microsoft may use data we collect to select and deliver some of the ads you see on Microsoft web properties, such as Microsoft.com, MSN and Bing."</i></p>
<p>So since your search history is part of the "data we collect", the natural conclusion is that, your search queries are being used to profile you for advertising. And of course, this is confirmed in this section:</p>
<p><i>"The ads that you see may be selected based on data we process about you, such as your interests and favorites, your location, your transactions, how you use our products, <b><span class="red"> your search queries</span></b>, or the content you view. For example, if you view content on MSN about automobiles, we may show advertisements about cars; if you search “pizza places in Seattle” on Bing, you may see advertisements in your search results for restaurants in Seattle."</i></p>
<h3>Bing sells your search history to other spyware platforms</h3>
<p>From the Microsoft Privacy Statement<sup><a href="#s1">[1]</a></sup>:</p>
<p><i>"We may share data we collect with third parties, such as Oath, AppNexus, or Facebook (see below), so that the ads you see in our products, their products, or other sites and apps serviced by these partners are more relevant and valuable to you."</i></p>
</div>
<hr/>
<div class="footer">
<div class="sources">
<h4>Sources:</h4>
<ol>
<li id="s1"><a href="https://privacy.microsoft.com/en-us/privacystatement">Microsoft Privacy Statement</a> <a href="http://web.archive.org/web/20180528165116/https://privacy.microsoft.com/en-us/privacystatement">[web.archive.org]</a> <a href="https://archive.li/u7eZJ">[archive.li]</a> <a href="https://etched.page/b6c0a12757e73a68f1ad76e084aeb32d0123bc4b7aa223623af5440b97ae27c7/https://privacy.microsoft.com/en-us/privacystatement">[etched.page]</a> <a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/WxFhT?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a></li>
</ol>
</div>
<hr/>
<b>This article was last edited on 08/17/2021</b>
<p>If you want to edit this article, or contribute your own article(s), visit us at the git repo on <a href="https://codeberg.org/shadow/SpywareWatchdog">Codeberg</a>.</p>
<p>All contributions must be licensed under the CC0 license to be accepted.</p>
<a href="../LICENSE.txt"><img class="icon" src="../images/cc0.png" alt="CC0 License"/></a>
</div>
</div>
</body>
</html>

@ -1,35 +1,38 @@
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.1//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml11/DTD/xhtml11.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.w3.org/MarkUp/SCHEMA/xhtml11.xsd" xml:lang="en">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-type" content="application/xhtml+xml;charset=utf-8"/>
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1"/>
<meta http-equiv="onion-location" content="http://spywaredrcdg5krvjnukp3vbdwiqcv3zwbrcg6qh27kiwecm4qyfphid.onion/articles/lynx.html"/>
<link rel="icon" href = "../images/favicon.ico"/>
<title>BleachBit - Spyware Watchdog</title>
<link href="../style.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" media="all"/>
</head>
<body>
<div class="case">
<div class="nav">
<a href="index.html">&larr; Catalog</a>
</div>
<div class="center">
<img src="../images/bleachbit_logo.png" alt="BleachBit Logo"/>
<h1>BleachBit</h1>
<p>Bleachbit is Tool to Clean Your System and Free Disk Space. Also, BleachBit can Shred Files.</p>
<h2>Spyware Level: <span class="green">Not Spyware</span></h2>
<p>BleachBit <span class="green">makes no unsolicited requests at all.</span></p>
<hr></hr>
<h4>Further Reading</h4>
<p><a href="https://www.bleachbit.org/">BleachBit Home Page</a></p>
<hr></hr>
<p>This article was created on 5/1/2022</p>
<hr></hr>
<p>If you want to contribute to this website, you can always <a href="https://codeberg.org/shadow/SpywareWatchdog">make a pull request</a>.</p>
<p>All contributions must be licensed under the CC0 license to be accepted.</p>
<a href="../LICENSE.txt"><img class="icon" src="../images/cc0.png" alt="CC0 License"/></a>
</div>
</div>
</body>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" lang="en" xml:lang="en">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-type" content="application/xhtml+xml;charset=utf-8"/>
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1"/>
<title>BleachBit - Spyware Watchdog</title>
<link rel="stylesheet" href="../style.css"/>
</head>
<body>
<div class="case">
<div class="nav"><a href="index.html">&larr; Catalog</a></div>
<div class="main">
<img src="../images/bleachbit_logo.png" alt="BleachBit Logo"/>
<h1>BleachBit</h1>
<p>Bleachbit is Tool to Clean Your System and Free Disk Space. Also, BleachBit can Shred Files.</p>
<h2>Spyware Level: <span class="green">Not Spyware</span></h2>
<p>BleachBit <span class="green">makes no unsolicited requests at all.</span></p>
</div>
<hr/>
<div class="footer">
<div class="futher">
<h4>Further Reading:</h4>
<ol>
<li><a href="https://www.bleachbit.org/">BleachBit Home Page</a></li>
</ol>
</div>
<hr/>
<b>This article was created on 5/1/2022</b>
<br/>
<b>This article was last edited on 5/1/2022</b>
<p>If you want to edit this article, or contribute your own article(s), visit us at the git repo on <a href="https://codeberg.org/shadow/SpywareWatchdog">Codeberg</a>.</p>
<p>All contributions must be licensed under the CC0 license to be accepted.</p>
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<a href="index.html">&larr; Catalog</a>
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<img width="130" height="145" src="../images/brave/brave_logo.png" alt="Web Browser Logo"/>
<h1>Brave</h1>
<center>
<a href="brave_ru.html">[Русский]</a>
</center>
<p>Brave Browser is a Chromium fork with many interesting features not found elsewhere, such as built-in Adblock and other extensions, fingerprinting protection, a cleaner Preferences menu compared to other Chrome forks, and the (opt-in) ability to automatically support (pay) the websites you visit. The developers describe it as <i>"A browser with your interests at heart."</i><sup><a href="#one">[1]</a></sup> with the built-in privacy protections.</p>
<h2>Spyware Level: <span class="orange">High</span></h2>
<p>Brave is self updating software, uses <a href="../articles/google.html">Google</a> as the default search engine, has built-in telemetry, and even has an opt-out rss-like news feed similar to Firefox Pocket. These shouldn't be the things that come to mind if someone were to imagine a privacy oriented browser.</p>
<h3>Auto-updates</h3>
<p>Brave will check for updates every time you run it, and you can't turn it off from the browser. Athough, it's on Brave's low priority list to add an option to do so.<sup><a href="#two">[2]</a></sup> The reason why it's low priority would be because it's been over a year and there hasn't been an implementation of it yet.</p>
<h3>Brave has built-in telemetry</h3>
<p>While running, Brave will make lots of requests to the domain <code>p3a.brave.com</code> as telemetry. They claim they store the collected data for several days.<sup><a href="#eight">[8]</a></sup> This feature is an opt-out that can be disabled. This opt-out can be disabled <a href="brave://settings/privacy">here</a>.</p>
<h3>Brave Today</h3>
<p>Brave now has new feature similar to Firefox Pocket called Brave Today. If you don't know what Firefox Pocket is, it's basically an rss-like news feed that's shown in every blank tab. This feature Brave has is sadly an opt-out rather than an opt-in and sends lots of requests to Brave's servers. It can't seem to be disabled it in and of itself, but <a href="brave://settings/newTab">setting the tabs to blank</a> seems to stop the requests.</p>
<h3>SafeBrowsing</h3>
<p>Brave uses SafeBrowsing. It's a feature that tries to "protect" the user from potentially unsafe websites and extensions. However, it sends requests to fetch the information required. Brave's SafeBrowsing is powered by google.<sup><a href="#ten">[10]</a></sup> This opt-out can be disabled <a href="brave://settings/security">here</a>.</p>
<h3>Brave Rewards</h3>
<p>Brave has a rewards program. You can find more information about it here.<sup><a href="#three">[3]</a></sup> At first glance it looks like the rewards program is an opt-in, but the browser makes requests to these domains regardless if you sign up or not:</p>
<div class="center">
<p><code>rewards.brave.com</code></p>
<p><code>api.rewards.brave.com</code></p>
<p><code>grant.rewards.brave.com</code></p>
</div>
<p>A quick update: These requests have been reported as a bug and for the most part have been fixed (with a couple exceptions). I'll remove this section once the bug has been completely fixed.<sup><a href="#twelve">[12]</a></sup></p>
<h3>Miscellaneous requests worth noting</h3>
<p>Brave on first run sends a request to fetch the library used for checking spelling errors:</p>
<img class="screenshot" src="../images/brave/brave-dict.png" alt="brave spelling library"/>
<p>Brave on startup sends a request to <code>variations.brave.com</code>. Brave uses this to turn on and off features. There isn't a way to disable this as of yet.<sup><a href="#eleven">[11]</a></sup></p>
<img class="screenshot" src="../images/brave/brave-cert.png" alt="brave verification tool"/>
<p>Brave fetches the list of affiliates through <code>laptop-updates.brave.com</code>:</p>
<img class="screenshot" src="../images/brave/custom-headers.png" alt="custom headers"/>
<p>Brave makes a request to <code>static1.brave.com</code> every once and a while, which looks like it's used to fetch plugin information?<sup><a href="#four">[4]</a></sup> When the url was placed into the browser, it was directed to Google's error 404 page.<sup><a href="#nine">[9]</a></sup></p>
<img class="screenshot" src="../images/brave/brave-static.png" alt="static brave"/>
<img class="screenshot" src="../images/brave/google-brave.png" alt="google error 404"/>
<p>A quick <code>curl --head static1.brave.com</code> shows that Brave uses Google's gstatic, which uses Cloudflare as well:</p>
<img class="screenshot" src="../images/brave/brave-gstatic.png" alt="google error 404"/>
<p>On the first run, Brave fetches five extensions from <code>brave-core-ext.s3.brave.com</code> and tries to install them:</p>
<img class="screenshot" src="../images/brave/brave-extensions.png" alt="brave extensions"/>
<h3>Not spyware related, but worth noting</h3>
<h3>Anti-privacy search engine by default</h3>
<p><a href="../articles/google.html">Google</a> is the default search engine of Brave. For a browser that claims to be privacy oriented, this is a red flag. They at least make it easy for you to change the default search engine on the first run.</p>
<hr></hr>
<div class="center">
<h4>Sources</h4>
<p>
<a id="one">1.</a>
<a href="https://brave.com">Brave's website</a>
<a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180609070708/https://brave.com">[web.archive.org]</a>
<a href="https://archive.is/AjZnv">[archive.is]</a>
<a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/JNS4O">[ghostarchive.org]</a>
</p>
<p>
<a id="two">2.</a>
<a href="https://github.com/brave/brave-browser/issues/5576">Add a disable autoupdate feature</a>
<a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190530053311/https://github.com/brave/brave-browser/issues/5576">[web.archive.org]</a>
<a href="https://archive.is/NzRxTgm">[archive.is]</a>
<a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/6KRXL?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a>
</p>
<p>
<a id="three">3.</a>
<a href="https://brave.com/brave-rewards">Brave Rewards Program</a>
<a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20201227180815/https://brave.com/brave-rewards">[web.archive.org]</a>
<a href="https://archive.is/0mLht">[archive.is]</a>
<a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/F5lWl?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a>
</p>
<p>
<a id="four">4.</a>
<a href="https://static1.brave.com/chrome/config/plugins_3/plugins_linux.json">Plugin Information?</a>
<a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20201229155943/https://static1.brave.com/chrome/config/plugins_3/plugins_linux.json">[web.archive.org]</a>
<a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/owALS?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a>
</p>
<p>
<a id="five">5.</a>
<a href="https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/facebook-twitter-trackers-whitelisted-by-brave-browser">Facebook, Twitter Trackers Whitelisted by Brave Browser</a>
<a href="http://web.archive.org/web/20190213055618/https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/facebook-twitter-trackers-whitelisted-by-brave-browser">[web.archive.org]</a>
<a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/i1mvb?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a>
</p>
<p>
<a id="six">6.</a>
<a href="https://brave.com/features/">Brave Browser Features</a>
<a href="http://web.archive.org/web/20190124134301/https://brave.com/features">[web.archive.org]</a>
<a href="https://archive.is/UxdJf">[archive.is]</a>
<a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/vYNnv?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a>
</p>
<p>
<a id="seven">7.</a>
<a href="https://brave.com/script-blocking-exceptions-update">Script Blocking Exceptions Update</a>
<a href="http://web.archive.org/web/20190214034944/https://brave.com/script-blocking-exceptions-update">[web.archive.org]</a>
<a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/i1mvb?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a>
</p>
<p>
<a id="eight">8.</a>
<a href="https://brave.com/privacy-preserving-product-analytics-p3a">Brave's Analytics</a>
<a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20201229081726/https://brave.com/privacy-preserving-product-analytics-p3a">[web.archive.org]</a>
<a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/ZoBSr?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a>
</p>
<p>
<a id="nine">9.</a>
<!-- nothing there ? -->
<a href="https://static1.brave.com">Brave's static site</a>
<a href="https://archive.is/wWgtG">[archive.is]</a>
<a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190428070726/https://static1.brave.com/">[archive.org]</a>
</p>
<p>
<a id="ten">10.</a>
<a href="https://github.com/brave/brave-browser/wiki/Deviations-from-Chromium-(features-we-disable-or-remove)">Brave's Deviations from Chromium</a>
<a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210611085211/https://github.com/brave/brave-browser/wiki/Deviations-from-Chromium-(features-we-disable-or-remove)">[web.archive.org]</a>
<a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/RswOH?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a>
</p>
<p>
<a id="eleven">11.</a>
<a href="https://github.com/brave/brave-browser/issues/15711">Allow to opt-out of Griffin variations</a>
<a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210612013031/https://github.com/brave/brave-browser/issues/15711">[web.archive.org]</a>
<a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/oWzlF?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a>
</p>
<p>
<a id="twelve">12.</a>
<a href="https://github.com/brave/brave-browser/issues/14277">Only make requests to *.rewards.brave.com...</a>
<a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210621011812/https://github.com/brave/brave-browser/issues/14277">[web.archive.org]</a>
<a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/cuTZl?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a>
</p>
<hr></hr>
<b>This article was created on 5/7/2018</b><br/>
<b>This article was last edited on 8/17/2021</b>
<hr></hr>
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<p>All contributions must be licensed under the CC0 license to be accepted.</p>
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<img src="../images/brave/brave_logo.png" alt="Web Browser Logo"/>
<h1>Brave</h1>
<p>Brave Browser is a Chromium fork with many interesting features not found elsewhere, such as built-in Adblock and other extensions, fingerprinting protection, a cleaner Preferences menu compared to other Chrome forks, and the (opt-in) ability to automatically support (pay) the websites you visit. The developers describe it as <i>"A browser with your interests at heart."</i><sup><a href="#s1">[1]</a></sup> with the built-in privacy protections.</p>
<h2>Spyware Level: <span class="orange">High</span></h2>
<p>Brave is self updating software, uses <a href="../articles/google.html">Google</a> as the default search engine, has built-in telemetry, and even has an opt-out rss-like news feed similar to Firefox Pocket. These shouldn't be the things that come to mind if someone were to imagine a privacy oriented browser.</p>
<h3>Auto-updates</h3>
<p>Brave will check for updates every time you run it, and you can't turn it off from the browser. Athough, it's on Brave's low priority list to add an option to do so.<sup><a href="#s2">[2]</a></sup> The reason why it's low priority would be because it's been over a year and there hasn't been an implementation of it yet.</p>
<h3>Brave has built-in telemetry</h3>
<p>While running, Brave will make lots of requests to the domain <code>p3a.brave.com</code> as telemetry. They claim they store the collected data for several days.<sup><a href="#s8">[8]</a></sup> This feature is an opt-out that can be disabled. This opt-out can be disabled <a href="brave://settings/privacy">here</a>.</p>
<h3>Brave Today</h3>
<p>Brave now has new feature similar to Firefox Pocket called Brave Today. If you don't know what Firefox Pocket is, it's basically an rss-like news feed that's shown in every blank tab. This feature Brave has is sadly an opt-out rather than an opt-in and sends lots of requests to Brave's servers. It can't seem to be disabled it in and of itself, but <a href="brave://settings/newTab">setting the tabs to blank</a> seems to stop the requests.</p>
<h3>SafeBrowsing</h3>
<p>Brave uses SafeBrowsing. It's a feature that tries to "protect" the user from potentially unsafe websites and extensions. However, it sends requests to fetch the information required. Brave's SafeBrowsing is powered by google.<sup><a href="#s10">[10]</a></sup> This opt-out can be disabled <a href="brave://settings/security">here</a>.</p>
<h3>Brave Rewards</h3>
<p>Brave has a rewards program. You can find more information about it here.<sup><a href="#s3">[3]</a></sup> At first glance it looks like the rewards program is an opt-in, but the browser makes requests to these domains regardless if you sign up or not:</p>
<div class="center">
<p><code>rewards.brave.com</code></p>
<p><code>api.rewards.brave.com</code></p>
<p><code>grant.rewards.brave.com</code></p>
</div>
<p>A quick update: These requests have been reported as a bug and for the most part have been fixed (with a couple exceptions). I'll remove this section once the bug has been completely fixed.<sup><a href="#s12">[12]</a></sup></p>
<h3>Miscellaneous requests worth noting</h3>
<p>Brave on first run sends a request to fetch the library used for checking spelling errors:</p>
<img class="screenshot" src="../images/brave/brave-dict.png" alt="brave spelling library"/>
<p>Brave on startup sends a request to <code>variations.brave.com</code>. Brave uses this to turn on and off features. There isn't a way to disable this as of yet.<sup><a href="#s11">[11]</a></sup></p>
<img class="screenshot" src="../images/brave/brave-cert.png" alt="brave verification tool"/>
<p>Brave fetches the list of affiliates through <code>laptop-updates.brave.com</code>:</p>
<img class="screenshot" src="../images/brave/custom-headers.png" alt="custom headers"/>
<p>Brave makes a request to <code>static1.brave.com</code> every once and a while, which looks like it's used to fetch plugin information?<sup><a href="#s4">[4]</a></sup> When the url was placed into the browser, it was directed to Google's error 404 page.<sup><a href="#s9">[9]</a></sup></p>
<img class="screenshot" src="../images/brave/brave-static.png" alt="static brave"/>
<img class="screenshot" src="../images/brave/google-brave.png" alt="google error 404"/>
<p>A quick <code>curl --head static1.brave.com</code> shows that Brave uses Google's gstatic, which uses Cloudflare as well:</p>
<img class="screenshot" src="../images/brave/brave-gstatic.png" alt="google error 404"/>
<p>On the first run, Brave fetches five extensions from <code>brave-core-ext.s3.brave.com</code> and tries to install them:</p>
<img class="screenshot" src="../images/brave/brave-extensions.png" alt="brave extensions"/>
<h3>Not spyware related, but worth noting</h3>
<h3>Anti-privacy search engine by default</h3>
<p><a href="../articles/google.html">Google</a> is the default search engine of Brave. For a browser that claims to be privacy oriented, this is a red flag. They at least make it easy for you to change the default search engine on the first run.</p>
</div>
<hr/>
<div class="footer">
<div class="sources">
<h4>Sources:</h4>
<ol>
<li id="s1"><a href="https://brave.com">Brave's website</a> <a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180609070708/https://brave.com">[web.archive.org]</a> <a href="https://archive.is/AjZnv">[archive.is]</a> <a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/JNS4O">[ghostarchive.org]</a></li>
<li id="s2"><a href="https://github.com/brave/brave-browser/issues/5576">Add a disable autoupdate feature</a> <a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190530053311/https://github.com/brave/brave-browser/issues/5576">[web.archive.org]</a> <a href="https://archive.is/NzRxTgm">[archive.is]</a> <a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/6KRXL?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a></li>
<li id="s3"><a href="https://brave.com/brave-rewards">Brave Rewards Program</a> <a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20201227180815/https://brave.com/brave-rewards">[web.archive.org]</a> <a href="https://archive.is/0mLht">[archive.is]</a> <a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/F5lWl?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a></li>
<li id="s4"><a href="https://static1.brave.com/chrome/config/plugins_3/plugins_linux.json">Plugin Information?</a> <a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20201229155943/https://static1.brave.com/chrome/config/plugins_3/plugins_linux.json">[web.archive.org]</a> <a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/owALS?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a></li>
<li id="s5"><a href="https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/facebook-twitter-trackers-whitelisted-by-brave-browser">Facebook, Twitter Trackers Whitelisted by Brave Browser</a> <a href="http://web.archive.org/web/20190213055618/https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/facebook-twitter-trackers-whitelisted-by-brave-browser">[web.archive.org]</a> <a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/i1mvb?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a></li>
<li id="s6"><a href="https://brave.com/features/">Brave Browser Features</a> <a href="http://web.archive.org/web/20190124134301/https://brave.com/features">[web.archive.org]</a> <a href="https://archive.is/UxdJf">[archive.is]</a> <a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/vYNnv?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a></li>
<li id="s7"><a href="https://brave.com/script-blocking-exceptions-update">Script Blocking Exceptions Update</a> <a href="http://web.archive.org/web/20190214034944/https://brave.com/script-blocking-exceptions-update">[web.archive.org]</a> <a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/i1mvb?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a></li>
<li id="s8"><a href="https://brave.com/privacy-preserving-product-analytics-p3a">Brave's Analytics</a> <a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20201229081726/https://brave.com/privacy-preserving-product-analytics-p3a">[web.archive.org]</a> <a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/ZoBSr?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a></li>
<li id="s9"><a href="https://static1.brave.com">Brave's static site</a> <a href="https://archive.is/wWgtG">[archive.is]</a> <a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190428070726/https://static1.brave.com/">[archive.org]</a></li>
<li id="s10"><a href="https://github.com/brave/brave-browser/wiki/Deviations-from-Chromium-(features-we-disable-or-remove)">Brave's Deviations from Chromium</a> <a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210611085211/https://github.com/brave/brave-browser/wiki/Deviations-from-Chromium-(features-we-disable-or-remove)">[web.archive.org]</a> <a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/RswOH?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a></li>
<li id="s11"><a href="https://github.com/brave/brave-browser/issues/15711">Allow to opt-out of Griffin variations</a> <a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210612013031/https://github.com/brave/brave-browser/issues/15711">[web.archive.org]</a> <a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/oWzlF?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a></li>
<li id="s12"><a href="https://github.com/brave/brave-browser/issues/14277">Only make requests to *.rewards.brave.com...</a> <a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210621011812/https://github.com/brave/brave-browser/issues/14277">[web.archive.org]</a> <a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/cuTZl?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a></li>
</ol>
</div>
<hr/>
<b>This article was created on 5/7/2018</b>
<br/>
<b>This article was last edited on 8/17/2021</b>
<p>If you want to edit this article, or contribute your own article(s), visit us at the git repo on <a href="https://codeberg.org/shadow/SpywareWatchdog">Codeberg</a>.</p>
<p>All contributions must be licensed under the CC0 license to be accepted.</p>
<a href="../LICENSE.txt"><img class="icon" src="../images/cc0.png" alt="CC0 License"/></a>
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</div>
<img width="130" height="145" src="../images/brave/brave_logo.png" alt="Web Browser Logo"/>
<h1>Brave</h1>
<center>
<a href="brave.html">[English]</a>
</center>
<p>Brave Browser - форк Chromium'а со множеством интересных возможностей, которых нет где-либо еще, такие как встроенный блокировщик рекламы и другие расширения, защита от отпечатков браузера, менее загруженное меню по сравнению с другими форками Chrome и встроенная возможность для автоматического пожертвования сайтам, которые вы посещаете. Разработчики описывают его как <i>"Браузер, защищающий ваши интересы"</i><sup><a href="#one">[1]</a></sup> со встроенной защитой конфиденциальности пользователя.</p>
<h2>Уровень слежки: <span class="orange">Высокий</span></h2>
<p>Brave обновляется автоматически, использует <a href="../articles/google.html">Google</a> в качестве поисковика по умолчанию, имеет встроенную телеметрию и даже имеет ленту новостей, похожую на Firefox Pocket. Этого не должно быть в браузере, который ориентирован на конфиденциальность пользователя.</p>
<h3>Автоматические обновления</h3>
<p>Brave будет проверять обновления каждый раз, когда вы его запускаете, и вы не можете это отключить. Добавление данной опции обладает низким приоритетом в разработке Brave<sup><a href="#two">[2]</a></sup>, так как прошло уже больше года и её всё еще нет.</p>
<h3>Brave has built-in telemetry</h3>
<p>Во время работы Brave будет делать много запросов к домену <code>p3a.brave.com</code> в качестве телеметрии. Они утверждают, что хранят данные только несколько дней<sup><a href="#eight">[8]</a></sup>. Эта опция может быть отключена <a href="brave://settings/privacy">здесь</a>.</p>
<h3>Brave Today</h3>
<p>Brave содержит сервис похожий на Firefox Pocket - Brave Today. Это новостная лента, которая показывается на каждой пустой новой вкладке. Эта возможность к сожалению включена по умолчанию и посылает множество запросов к серверам Brave. Кажется, что нельзя отключить эту опцию, но если <a href="brave://settings/newTab">установить новые вкладки как пустые</a>, то похоже, что это останавливает запросы.</p>
<h3>SafeBrowsing</h3>
<p>Brave использует SafeBrowsing. Это функция, которая пытается "защитить" пользователя от возможных небезопасных веб-сайтов и расширений. Однако, она посылает запросы, чтобы получить требуемую информацию. Brave SafeBrowsing поддерживается Google<sup><a href="#ten">[10]</a></sup>. Данная функция может быть отключена <a href="brave://settings/security">здесь</a>.</p>
<h3>Brave Rewards</h3>
<p>У Brave есть программа вознаграждений<sup><a href="#three">[3]</a></sup>. На первый взгляд кажется, что она необязательна, но браузер делает запросы к доменам ниже независимо от регистрации в программе:</p>
<div class="center">
<p><code>rewards.brave.com</code></p>
<p><code>api.rewards.brave.com</code></p>
<p><code>grant.rewards.brave.com</code></p>
</div>
<p>Небольшое дополнение: об этих запросах сообщалось как об ошибках, и по большей части они исправлены (за несколькими исключениями). Этот раздел будет удалён, как только ошибки будут полностью исправлены<sup><a href="#twelve">[12]</a></sup>.</p>
<h3>Другие запросы которые стоит отметить</h3>
<p>При первом запуске Brave отправляет запрос, чтобы получить библиотеку для проверки орфографии.</p>
<img class="screenshot" src="../images/brave/brave-dict.png" alt="brave spelling library"/>
<p>При старте Brave посылает запросы к <code>variations.brave.com</code>. Brave использует это для включения и выключения функций. Пока нет никакого способа отключить это<sup><a href="#eleven">[11]</a></sup>.</p>
<img class="screenshot" src="../images/brave/brave-cert.png" alt="brave verification tool"/>
<p>Brave получает список партнёров через запросы к <code>laptop-updates.brave.com</code>:</p>
<img class="screenshot" src="../images/brave/custom-headers.png" alt="custom headers"/>
<p>Время от времени Brave делает запрос к <code>static1.brave.com</code>, что выглядит как будто он пытается получить информацию о плагинах<sup><a href="#four">[4]</a></sup>. В браузере эта ссылка ведёт на страницу Google с ошибкой 404<sup><a href="#nine">[9]</a></sup>.</p>
<img class="screenshot" src="../images/brave/brave-static.png" alt="static brave"/>
<img class="screenshot" src="../images/brave/google-brave.png" alt="google error 404"/>
<p>Команда <code>curl --head static1.brave.com</code> показывает, что Brave использует Google gstatic, который также использует Cloudflare:</p>
<img class="screenshot" src="../images/brave/brave-gstatic.png" alt="google error 404"/>
<p>При первом запуске Brave скачивает пять расширений из <code>brave-core-ext.s3.brave.com</code> и пытается установить их:</p>
<img class="screenshot" src="../images/brave/brave-extensions.png" alt="brave extensions"/>
<h3>Не связано со слежением, но стоит отметить</h3>
<h3>Неконфиденциальный поисковик по умолчанию</h3>
<p><a href="../articles/google.html">Google</a> - стандартная поисковая система в Brave. Это очень странно для браузера, позиционирующего себя приватным. По крайней мере, при первом запуске Brave даёт выбор поисковой системы по умолчанию.</p>
<hr></hr>
<div class="center">
<h4>Источники</h4>
<p>
<a id="one">1.</a>
<a href="https://brave.com">Brave's website</a>
<a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180609070708/https://brave.com">[web.archive.org]</a>
<a href="https://archive.is/AjZnv">[archive.is]</a>
<a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/JNS4O">[ghostarchive.org]</a>
</p>
<p>
<a id="two">2.</a>
<a href="https://github.com/brave/brave-browser/issues/5576">Add a disable autoupdate feature</a>
<a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190530053311/https://github.com/brave/brave-browser/issues/5576">[web.archive.org]</a>
<a href="https://archive.is/NzRxTgm">[archive.is]</a>
<a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/6KRXL?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a>
</p>
<p>
<a id="three">3.</a>
<a href="https://brave.com/brave-rewards">Brave Rewards Program</a>
<a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20201227180815/https://brave.com/brave-rewards">[web.archive.org]</a>
<a href="https://archive.is/0mLht">[archive.is]</a>
<a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/F5lWl?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a>
</p>
<p>
<a id="four">4.</a>
<a href="https://static1.brave.com/chrome/config/plugins_3/plugins_linux.json">Plugin Information?</a>
<a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20201229155943/https://static1.brave.com/chrome/config/plugins_3/plugins_linux.json">[web.archive.org]</a>
<a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/owALS?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a>
</p>
<p>
<a id="five">5.</a>
<a href="https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/facebook-twitter-trackers-whitelisted-by-brave-browser">Facebook, Twitter Trackers Whitelisted by Brave Browser</a>
<a href="http://web.archive.org/web/20190213055618/https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/facebook-twitter-trackers-whitelisted-by-brave-browser">[web.archive.org]</a>
<a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/i1mvb?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a>
</p>
<p>
<a id="six">6.</a>
<a href="https://brave.com/features/">Brave Browser Features</a>
<a href="http://web.archive.org/web/20190124134301/https://brave.com/features">[web.archive.org]</a>
<a href="https://archive.is/UxdJf">[archive.is]</a>
<a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/vYNnv?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a>
</p>
<p>
<a id="seven">7.</a>
<a href="https://brave.com/script-blocking-exceptions-update">Script Blocking Exceptions Update</a>
<a href="http://web.archive.org/web/20190214034944/https://brave.com/script-blocking-exceptions-update">[web.archive.org]</a>
<a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/i1mvb?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a>
</p>
<p>
<a id="eight">8.</a>
<a href="https://brave.com/privacy-preserving-product-analytics-p3a">Brave's Analytics</a>
<a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20201229081726/https://brave.com/privacy-preserving-product-analytics-p3a">[web.archive.org]</a>
<a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/ZoBSr?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a>
</p>
<p>
<a id="nine">9.</a>
<!-- nothing there ? -->
<a href="https://static1.brave.com">Brave's static site</a>
<a href="https://archive.is/wWgtG">[archive.is]</a>
<a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190428070726/https://static1.brave.com/">[archive.org]</a>
</p>
<p>
<a id="ten">10.</a>
<a href="https://github.com/brave/brave-browser/wiki/Deviations-from-Chromium-(features-we-disable-or-remove)">Brave's Deviations from Chromium</a>
<a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210611085211/https://github.com/brave/brave-browser/wiki/Deviations-from-Chromium-(features-we-disable-or-remove)">[web.archive.org]</a>
<a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/RswOH?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a>
</p>
<p>
<a id="eleven">11.</a>
<a href="https://github.com/brave/brave-browser/issues/15711">Allow to opt-out of Griffin variations</a>
<a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210612013031/https://github.com/brave/brave-browser/issues/15711">[web.archive.org]</a>
<a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/oWzlF?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a>
</p>
<p>
<a id="twelve">12.</a>
<a href="https://github.com/brave/brave-browser/issues/14277">Only make requests to *.rewards.brave.com...</a>
<a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210621011812/https://github.com/brave/brave-browser/issues/14277">[web.archive.org]</a>
<a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/cuTZl?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a>
</p>
<hr></hr>
<b>Этот перевод был создан 13/07/2021</b><br/>
<b>Этот перевод в последний раз изменялся 13/07/2021</b>
<hr></hr>
<p>If you want to contribute to this website, you can always <a href="https://codeberg.org/shadow/SpywareWatchdog">make a pull request</a>.</p>
<p>All contributions must be licensed under the CC0 license to be accepted.</p>
<a href="../LICENSE.txt"><img class="icon" src="../images/cc0.png" alt="CC0 License"/></a>
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<img src="../images/brave/brave_logo.png" alt="Web Browser Logo"/>
<h1>Brave</h1>
<p>Brave Browser - форк Chromium'а со множеством интересных возможностей, которых нет где-либо еще, такие как встроенный блокировщик рекламы и другие расширения, защита от отпечатков браузера, менее загруженное меню по сравнению с другими форками Chrome и встроенная возможность для автоматического пожертвования сайтам, которые вы посещаете. Разработчики описывают его как <i>"Браузер, защищающий ваши интересы"</i><sup><a href="#s1">[1]</a></sup> со встроенной защитой конфиденциальности пользователя.</p>
<h2>Уровень слежки: <span class="orange">Высокий</span></h2>
<p>Brave обновляется автоматически, использует <a href="../articles/google.html">Google</a> в качестве поисковика по умолчанию, имеет встроенную телеметрию и даже имеет ленту новостей, похожую на Firefox Pocket. Этого не должно быть в браузере, который ориентирован на конфиденциальность пользователя.</p>
<h3>Автоматические обновления</h3>
<p>Brave будет проверять обновления каждый раз, когда вы его запускаете, и вы не можете это отключить. Добавление данной опции обладает низким приоритетом в разработке Brave<sup><a href="#s2">[2]</a></sup>, так как прошло уже больше года и её всё еще нет.</p>
<h3>Brave has built-in telemetry</h3>
<p>Во время работы Brave будет делать много запросов к домену <code>p3a.brave.com</code> в качестве телеметрии. Они утверждают, что хранят данные только несколько дней<sup><a href="#s8">[8]</a></sup>. Эта опция может быть отключена <a href="brave://settings/privacy">здесь</a>.</p>
<h3>Brave Today</h3>
<p>Brave содержит сервис похожий на Firefox Pocket - Brave Today. Это новостная лента, которая показывается на каждой пустой новой вкладке. Эта возможность к сожалению включена по умолчанию и посылает множество запросов к серверам Brave. Кажется, что нельзя отключить эту опцию, но если <a href="brave://settings/newTab">установить новые вкладки как пустые</a>, то похоже, что это останавливает запросы.</p>
<h3>SafeBrowsing</h3>
<p>Brave использует SafeBrowsing. Это функция, которая пытается "защитить" пользователя от возможных небезопасных веб-сайтов и расширений. Однако, она посылает запросы, чтобы получить требуемую информацию. Brave SafeBrowsing поддерживается Google<sup><a href="#s10">[10]</a></sup>. Данная функция может быть отключена <a href="brave://settings/security">здесь</a>.</p>
<h3>Brave Rewards</h3>
<p>У Brave есть программа вознаграждений<sup><a href="#s3">[3]</a></sup>. На первый взгляд кажется, что она необязательна, но браузер делает запросы к доменам ниже независимо от регистрации в программе:</p>
<div class="center">
<p><code>rewards.brave.com</code></p>
<p><code>api.rewards.brave.com</code></p>
<p><code>grant.rewards.brave.com</code></p>
</div>
<p>Небольшое дополнение: об этих запросах сообщалось как об ошибках, и по большей части они исправлены (за несколькими исключениями). Этот раздел будет удалён, как только ошибки будут полностью исправлены<sup><a href="#s12">[12]</a></sup>.</p>
<h3>Другие запросы которые стоит отметить</h3>
<p>При первом запуске Brave отправляет запрос, чтобы получить библиотеку для проверки орфографии.</p>
<img class="screenshot" src="../images/brave/brave-dict.png" alt="brave spelling library"/>
<p>При старте Brave посылает запросы к <code>variations.brave.com</code>. Brave использует это для включения и выключения функций. Пока нет никакого способа отключить это<sup><a href="#s11">[11]</a></sup>.</p>
<img class="screenshot" src="../images/brave/brave-cert.png" alt="brave verification tool"/>
<p>Brave получает список партнёров через запросы к <code>laptop-updates.brave.com</code>:</p>
<img class="screenshot" src="../images/brave/custom-headers.png" alt="custom headers"/>
<p>Время от времени Brave делает запрос к <code>static1.brave.com</code>, что выглядит как будто он пытается получить информацию о плагинах<sup><a href="#s4">[4]</a></sup>. В браузере эта ссылка ведёт на страницу Google с ошибкой 404<sup><a href="#s9">[9]</a></sup>.</p>
<img class="screenshot" src="../images/brave/brave-static.png" alt="static brave"/>
<img class="screenshot" src="../images/brave/google-brave.png" alt="google error 404"/>
<p>Команда <code>curl --head static1.brave.com</code> показывает, что Brave использует Google gstatic, который также использует Cloudflare:</p>
<img class="screenshot" src="../images/brave/brave-gstatic.png" alt="google error 404"/>
<p>При первом запуске Brave скачивает пять расширений из <code>brave-core-ext.s3.brave.com</code> и пытается установить их:</p>
<img class="screenshot" src="../images/brave/brave-extensions.png" alt="brave extensions"/>
<h3>Не связано со слежением, но стоит отметить</h3>
<h3>Неконфиденциальный поисковик по умолчанию</h3>
<p><a href="../articles/google.html">Google</a> - стандартная поисковая система в Brave. Это очень странно для браузера, позиционирующего себя приватным. По крайней мере, при первом запуске Brave даёт выбор поисковой системы по умолчанию.</p>
</div>
<hr/>
<div class="footer">
<div class="sources">
<h4>Sources:</h4>
<ol>
<li id="s1"><a href="https://brave.com">Brave's website</a> <a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180609070708/https://brave.com">[web.archive.org]</a> <a href="https://archive.is/AjZnv">[archive.is]</a> <a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/JNS4O">[ghostarchive.org]</a></li>
<li id="s2"><a href="https://github.com/brave/brave-browser/issues/5576">Add a disable autoupdate feature</a> <a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190530053311/https://github.com/brave/brave-browser/issues/5576">[web.archive.org]</a> <a href="https://archive.is/NzRxTgm">[archive.is]</a> <a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/6KRXL?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a></li>
<li id="s3"><a href="https://brave.com/brave-rewards">Brave Rewards Program</a> <a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20201227180815/https://brave.com/brave-rewards">[web.archive.org]</a> <a href="https://archive.is/0mLht">[archive.is]</a> <a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/F5lWl?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a></li>
<li id="s4"><a href="https://static1.brave.com/chrome/config/plugins_3/plugins_linux.json">Plugin Information?</a> <a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20201229155943/https://static1.brave.com/chrome/config/plugins_3/plugins_linux.json">[web.archive.org]</a> <a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/owALS?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a></li>
<li id="s5"><a href="https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/facebook-twitter-trackers-whitelisted-by-brave-browser">Facebook, Twitter Trackers Whitelisted by Brave Browser</a> <a href="http://web.archive.org/web/20190213055618/https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/facebook-twitter-trackers-whitelisted-by-brave-browser">[web.archive.org]</a> <a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/i1mvb?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a></li>
<li id="s6"><a href="https://brave.com/features/">Brave Browser Features</a> <a href="http://web.archive.org/web/20190124134301/https://brave.com/features">[web.archive.org]</a> <a href="https://archive.is/UxdJf">[archive.is]</a> <a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/vYNnv?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a></li>
<li id="s7"><a href="https://brave.com/script-blocking-exceptions-update">Script Blocking Exceptions Update</a> <a href="http://web.archive.org/web/20190214034944/https://brave.com/script-blocking-exceptions-update">[web.archive.org]</a> <a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/i1mvb?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a></li>
<li id="s8"><a href="https://brave.com/privacy-preserving-product-analytics-p3a">Brave's Analytics</a> <a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20201229081726/https://brave.com/privacy-preserving-product-analytics-p3a">[web.archive.org]</a> <a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/ZoBSr?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a></li>
<li id="s9"><a href="https://static1.brave.com">Brave's static site</a> <a href="https://archive.is/wWgtG">[archive.is]</a> <a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190428070726/https://static1.brave.com/">[archive.org]</a></li>
<li id="s10"><a href="https://github.com/brave/brave-browser/wiki/Deviations-from-Chromium-(features-we-disable-or-remove)">Brave's Deviations from Chromium</a> <a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210611085211/https://github.com/brave/brave-browser/wiki/Deviations-from-Chromium-(features-we-disable-or-remove)">[web.archive.org]</a> <a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/RswOH?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a></li>
<li id="s11"><a href="https://github.com/brave/brave-browser/issues/15711">Allow to opt-out of Griffin variations</a> <a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210612013031/https://github.com/brave/brave-browser/issues/15711">[web.archive.org]</a> <a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/oWzlF?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a></li>
<li id="s12"><a href="https://github.com/brave/brave-browser/issues/14277">Only make requests to *.rewards.brave.com...</a> <a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210621011812/https://github.com/brave/brave-browser/issues/14277">[web.archive.org]</a> <a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/cuTZl?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a></li>
</ol>
</div>
<hr/>
<b>Этот перевод был создан 13/07/2021</b>
<br/>
<b>Этот перевод в последний раз изменялся 13/07/2021</b>
<p>If you want to edit this article, or contribute your own article(s), visit us at the git repo on <a href="https://codeberg.org/shadow/SpywareWatchdog">Codeberg</a>.</p>
<p>All contributions must be licensed under the CC0 license to be accepted.</p>
<a href="../LICENSE.txt"><img class="icon" src="../images/cc0.png" alt="CC0 License"/></a>
</div>
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</body>
</html>

@ -1,181 +1,65 @@
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" lang="en" xml:lang="en">
<head>
<meta
http-equiv="Content-type"
content="application/xhtml+xml;charset=utf-8"
/>
<title>CCleaner — Spyware Watchdog</title>
<link rel="stylesheet" href="../style.css" />
</head>
<body>
<div class="case">
<div class="nav"><a href="index.html">&larr; Catalog</a></div>
<div class="main">
<img src="../images/ccleaner_logo.png" alt="CCleaner Logo" />
<h1>CCleaner</h1>
<p>
CCleaner, developed by Piriform, is a utility program used to clean
potentially unwanted files and invalid Windows Registry entries from a
computer.
</p>
<h2>Spyware Level: <span class="red">EXTREMELY HIGH</span></h2>
<p>
CCleaner is spyware that collects your personal information to
advertise to you. It also sells your information to third parties so
that they can advertise to you. It collects a huge amount of very
personal information, like your
<b><font color="red">physical location.</font></b> CCleaner uses the
technique of privacy policy obfuscation where it provides one privacy
policy for every single product its company offers, making it more
difficult to know what parts of the privacy policy apply to which
program.
</p>
<h3>CCleaner collects and sells user information to advertisers</h3>
<p>
CCleaner clearly shows in its privacy settings that it is collecting
information about your computer and selling that information to
advertisers. Below is a screenshot on how to mitigate some of it.
</p>
<img
class="screenshot"
src="../images/ccleaner_privacy.png"
alt="CCleaner privacy settings"
/>
<p>
Image Source: <sup><a href="#s2">[2]</a></sup>
</p>
<h3>CCleaner tracks a huge amount of personal information</h3>
<p>
If we look at the privacy policy, we can see that CCleaner reports the
following<sup><a href="#s3">[3]</a></sup
>:
</p>
<ul>
<li>IP Address</li>
<li>Unique User ID</li>
<li>Operating System</li>
<li>Other Avast Products installed</li>
<li>
<b><font color="red">physical location</font></b>
</li>
</ul>
<p>
Beyond this, CCleaner is integrated with the following spyware
platforms, which all collect their own sets of information:
</p>
<ul>
<li>Google Analytics</li>
<li>Logentries</li>
</ul>
<p>
It would be very time-consuming to go through all of those privacy
policies (especially because many of these are obfuscated), but it
should be enough to understand that CCleaner is full of third party
spyware, as well as first party spyware.
</p>
<h3>CCleaner sends you spam email</h3>
<p>
From the privacy policy<sup><a href="#s3">[3]</a></sup
>:
</p>
<p>
<i>
"When we collect your email address, we may market our other
products and services to you. You may choose to unsubscribe from
future email marketing by following the instructions in the email."
</i>
</p>
<h3>CCleaner tracks your physical location</h3>
<p>
According to the privacy policy, the CCleaner website tries to track
your physical location.<sup><a href="#s3">[3]</a></sup>
</p>
<p>
<i>
"Our websites use cookies to acquire data that may be used to
determine your physical location via your Internet Protocol address
(“IP Address”) and automated geolocation techniques, or to acquire
basic information about the computer, tablet, or mobile phone that
you use to visit us."
</i>
</p>
<p>
<i>"location data"</i> is also mentioned when talking about the
information that CCleaner itself collects about its users.
</p>
<h3>Past Security Flaws</h3>
<p>
In the past, CCleaner has been compromised and backdoors have been
added to it.<sup><a href="#s1">[1]</a></sup>
</p>
</div>
<hr />
<div class="footer">
<div class="sources">
<h4>Sources:</h4>
<ol>
<li id="s1">
<a
href="https://www.ccleaner.com/news/blog/2017/9/18/security-notification-for-ccleaner-v5336162-and-ccleaner-cloud-v1073191-for-32-bit-windows-users"
>
Security Notification for CCleaner v5.33.6162 and CCleaner Cloud
v1.07.3191 for 32-bit Windows users
</a>
<a
href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180816103218/https://www.ccleaner.com/news/blog/2017/9/18/security-notification-for-ccleaner-v5336162-and-ccleaner-cloud-v1073191-for-32-bit-windows-users"
>[web.archive.org]</a>
<a
href="https://archive.is/UqWcU"
>[archive.is]</a>
</li>
<li id="s2">
<a
href="https://misdirectedrequest.wordpress.com/2018/06/04/ccleaner-privacy-issue/"
>CCleaner Privacy Issue
</a>
<a
href="http://web.archive.org/web/20180821215956/https://misdirectedrequest.wordpress.com/2018/06/04/ccleaner-privacy-issue/"
>[web.archive.org]</a
>
<a href="https://archive.is/HJFBP">[archive.is]</a>
<a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/30k0A">[ghostarchive.org]</a>
</li>
<li id="s3">
<a href="http://www.ccleaner.com/about/privacy-policy"
>What Happens to Your Data</a
>
<a
href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180816025428/https://www.ccleaner.com/about/privacy-policy"
>[web.archive.org]</a
>
<a href="http://archive.is/DFJTA">[archive.is]</a>
<a href="https://ghostarchive.org/archive/nYo9M?kreymer=false">[ghostarchive.org]</a>
</li>
</ol>
</div>
<hr />
<b>This article was last edited on 8/21/2018</b>
<!--Dont change-->
<p>
If you want to edit this article, or contribute your own article(s), visit us
at the git repo on
<a href="https://codeberg.org/shadow/SpywareWatchdog">Codeberg</a>.
</p>
<p>
All contributions must be licensed under the CC0 license to be
accepted.
</p>
<a href="../LICENSE.txt"
><img class="icon" src="../images/cc0.png" alt="CC0 License"
/></a>
<!--Dont change-->
</div>
</div>
</body>
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-type" content="application/xhtml+xml;charset=utf-8"/>
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1"/>
<title>CCleaner — Spyware Watchdog</title>
<link rel="stylesheet" href="../style.css"/>
</head>
<body>
<div class="case">
<div class="nav"><a href="index.html">&larr; Catalog</a></div>
<div class="main">
<img src="../images/ccleaner_logo.png" alt="CCleaner Logo"/>
<h1>CCleaner</h1>
<p>CCleaner, developed by Piriform, is a utility program used to clean potentially unwanted files and invalid Windows Registry entries from a computer.</p>
<h2>Spyware Level: <span class="red">EXTREMELY HIGH</span></h2>
<p> CCleaner is spyware that collects your personal information to advertise to you. It also sells your information to third parties so that they can advertise to you. It collects a huge amount of very personal information, like your <b><span class="red">physical location</span></b>. CCleaner uses the technique of privacy policy obfuscation where it provides one privacy policy for every single product its company offers, making it more difficult to know what parts of the privacy policy apply to which program.</p>
<h3>CCleaner collects and sells user information to advertisers</h3>
<p> CCleaner clearly shows in its privacy settings that it is collecting information about your computer and selling that information to advertisers. Below is a screenshot on how to mitigate some of it.</p>
<img class="screenshot" src="../images/ccleaner_privacy.png" alt="CCleaner privacy settings"/>
<p>Image Source: <sup><a href="#s2">[2]</a></sup</