Clean up (delete) Kubernetes resources after a configured TTL (time to live)
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Kubernetes Janitor

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Kubernetes Janitor cleans up (deletes) Kubernetes resources on (1) a configured TTL (time to live) or (2) a configured expiry date (absolute timestamp).

It processes all namespaces and all namespaced resources including custom resource definitions (CRDs) and will delete them (1) if the janitor/ttl annotation or a TTL rule indicates the resource as expired, or (2) if the janitor/expires annotation marks the resource as expired.

Example Use Cases

TTL

  • Deploy the janitor to a test (non-prod) cluster and use namespaces with a TTL of 7 days (janitor/ttl: 7d on the namespace object) for prototyping
  • Annotate your temporary manual test nginx deployment with kubectl annotate deploy nginx janitor/ttl=24h to automatically delete it after 24 hours
  • Automatically set janitor/ttl on resources created by your CI/CD pipeline for pull requests (so PR tests can run and resources are cleaned up later)
  • Define a rule to automatically delete resources after 4 days if required labels were not set (see Rules File below)

Expiry date

  • Deploy the janitor to a test (non-prod) cluster and use namespaces with an expiry date (janitor/expires: 2020-01-17T15:14:38Z on the namespace object)
  • Annotate your temporary manual test nginx deployment with kubectl annotate deploy nginx janitor/expires=2020-01-01 to automatically delete it at midnight (UTC) of 1st of January 2020.

Unused Persistent Volume Claims

  • Use a rules file with to delete all unused PVCs (jmespath: "_context.pvc_is_not_mounted && _context.pvc_is_not_referenced")

Usage

Deploy the janitor into your cluster via (also works with Minikube):

Warning: if you want to deploy janitor to namespace other than default, you need to edit /deploy/rbac.yaml first.

$ kubectl apply -k deploy/

The example configuration uses the --dry-run as a safety flag to prevent any deletion --- remove it to enable the janitor, e.g. by editing the deployment:

$ kubectl edit deploy kube-janitor

To see the janitor in action, deploy a simple nginx and annotate it accordingly:

$ kubectl run temp-nginx --image=nginx
$ kubectl annotate deploy temp-nginx janitor/ttl=5m

You should see the temp-nginx deployment being deleted after 5 minutes.

Edit the example rules file via kubectl edit configmap kube-janitor to try out generic TTL rules (needs a pod restart to reload rules).

Configuration

The janitor is configured via command line args, environment variables, Kubernetes annotations, and an optional YAML rules file.

Supported Kubernetes annotations:

janitor/ttl

Maximum time to live (TTL) for the annotated resource. Annotation value must be a string composed of a integer value and a unit suffix (one of s, m, h, d, or w), e.g. 120s (120 seconds), 5m (5 minutes), 8h (8 hours), 7d (7 days), or 2w (2 weeks). In the case that the resource should not be deleted by Janitor, the special value forever can be specified as TTL. Note that the actual time of deletion depends on the Janitor's clean up interval. The resource will be deleted if its age (delta between now and the resource creation time) is greater than the specified TTL.

janitor/expires

Absolute timestamp in the format YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SSZ, YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM or YYYY-MM-DD to mark the resource for deletion after the specified date/time. The date format YYYY-MM-DD is short for YYYY-MM-DDT00:00:00Z, i.e. the resource will expire at midnight UTC of the specified date. Example annotation values: 2019-02-28T20:40:00Z, 2019-02-28T20:40, 2019-02-28.

Available command line options:

--dry-run

Dry run mode: do not change anything, just print what would be done

--debug

Debug mode: print more information

--once

Run only once and exit. This is useful if you run the Kubernetes Janitor as a CronJob.

--interval

Loop interval (default: 30s). This option only makes sense when the --once flag is not set.

--wait-after-delete

How long to wait after issuing a delete (default: 0s). This option does not take effect for dry runs.

--include-resources

Include resources for clean up (default: all resources), can also be configured via environment variable INCLUDE_RESOURCES. This option can be used if you want to clean up only certain resource types, e.g. only deployments.

--exclude-resources

Exclude resources from clean up (default: events,controllerrevisions), can also be configured via environment variable EXCLUDE_RESOURCES. This option takes precedence over --include-resources, i.e. --exclude-resources=foos in combination with --include-resources=foos,bars would make kube-janitor only process bars resources.

--include-namespaces

Include namespaces for clean up (default: all namespaces), can also be configured via environment variable INCLUDE_NAMESPACES

--exclude-namespaces

Exclude namespaces from clean up (default: kube-system), can also be configured via environment variable EXCLUDE_NAMESPACES. This option takes precedence over --include-namespaces, i.e. --exclude-namespaces=ns1 in combination with --include-namespaces=ns1,ns2 would only process resources in the ns2 namespace.

--rules-file

Optional: filename pointing to a YAML file with a list of rules to apply TTL values to arbitrary Kubernetes objects, e.g. to delete all deployments without a certain label automatically after N days. See Rules File configuration section below.

--deployment-time-annotation

Optional: name of the annotation that would be used instead of the creation timestamp of the resource. This option should be used if you want the resources to not be cleaned up if they've been recently redeployed, and your deployment tooling can set this annotation.

--resource-context-hook

Optional: string pointing to a Python function to populate the _context object with additional information, e.g. by calling external services. Built-in example to set _context.random_dice to a random dice value (1-6): --resource-context-hook=kube_janitor.example_hooks.random_dice.

Example flags:

--interval=20

--include-resources=deployments,pods

--exclude-resources=replicasets

--include-namespaces=default,kube-public

--exclude-namespaces=kube-system

--rules-file=/config/my-rules-file.yml

Rules File

When using the --rules-file option, the path needs to point to a valid YAML file with the following format:

rules:
# remove deployments and statefulsets without a label "application"
- id: require-application-label
  resources:
  - deployments
  - statefulsets
  jmespath: "!(spec.template.metadata.labels.application)"
  ttl: 4d
# delete all deployments with a name starting with "pr-*"
- id: temporary-pr-deployments
  resources:
  - deployments
  jmespath: "starts_with(metadata.name, 'pr-')"
  ttl: 4h
# delete all resources within the "temp" namespace after 3 days
- id: temp-namespace-cleanup
  resources:
  - "*"
  jmespath: "metadata.namespace == 'temp'"
  ttl: 3d
# require the "foo" pod label for all new deployments starting April 2019
- id: require-foo-label-april-2019
  resources:
  - deployments
  - statefulsets
  jmespath: "!(spec.template.metadata.labels.foo) && metadata.creationTimestamp > '2019-04-01'"
  ttl: 7d
# delete all PVCs which are not mounted and not referenced by StatefulSets
- id: remove-unused-pvcs
  resources:
  - persistentvolumeclaims
  jmespath: "_context.pvc_is_not_mounted && _context.pvc_is_not_referenced"
  ttl: 4d

The first matching rule will define the TTL (ttl field). Kubernetes objects with a janitor/ttl annotation will not be matched against any rule.

A rule matches for a given Kubernetes object if all of the following criteria is true:

  • the object has no janitor/ttl annotation (otherwise the TTL value from the annotation is applied)
  • the object's type is included in the resources list of the rule or the special value * is part of the resources list (similar to Kubernetes RBAC)
  • the JMESPath evaluates to a truth-like value (boolean true, non-empty list, non-empty object, or non-empty string)

The first matching rule will define the TTL for the object (as if the object would have a janitor/ttl annotation with the same value).

Each rule has the following attributes:

id

Some string identifying the rule (e.g. for log output), must be lowercase and match the regex ^[a-z][a-z0-9-]*$. The ID has no special meaning and is only used to refer to the rule in log output/statistics.

resources

List of resources (e.g. deployments, namespaces, ..) this rule should be applied to. The special value * will match all resource types.

jmespath

JMESPath expression to evaluate on the resource object. The rule will only match if the expression evaluates to true. The expression will get the Kubernetes object as input. The expression metadata.labels.foo would evaluate to true if the object has the label foo and it has a non-empty string as value. Additional context for PersistentVolumeClaim objects is available in the _context property: _context.pvc_is_not_mounted evaluates to true if the PVC is not mounted by any Pod. _context.pvc_is_not_referenced is true if the PVC does not match any StatefulSet volumeClaimTemplate.

ttl

TTL value (e.g. 15m) to apply to the object if the rule matches.

Contributing

Easiest way to contribute is to provide feedback! We would love to hear what you like and what you think is missing. Create an issue or ping try_except_ on Twitter.

PRs are welcome.

Local Development

You can run Kubernetes Janitor against your current kubeconfig context, e.g. local Minikube:

$ poetry install
$ poetry shell
$ python3 -m kube_janitor --dry-run --debug --once

To run PEP8 (flake8) checks and unit tests including coverage report:

$ make test

License

This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program. If not, see http://www.gnu.org/licenses/.