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# README #
## psftools ##
a simple suite of utilities to provide text based editing of psf files.
Author: Gunnar Zötl <firstname.lastname@example.org>, 2016.
Released under the terms of the MIT/X11 license. See file LICENSE for details.
## About ##
This is a suite of utilities intended to create psf font files. The main use
is to automatically create font files from pixel data converted into a simple
text file format, but it can also be used to create fonts manually. It is
inspired by nafe (http://nafe.sourceforge.net/), but is much more complete.
It supports both psf1 and psf2 file formats, and unicode sequences. The main
tools are psfd, which converts a psf format font file into a text format,
which can then be edited in any text editor, and psfc, which takes a text file
in a special format and converts that into a psf (1 or 2) format font file.
There is also psfid, which can be used to query some information from a psf
font file, and psft, which helps with editing fonts.
## Building & Installing ##
A simple `make` should build the three tools. Use `make install` to copy the
tools to /usr/local/bin or `make install BINDIR=/my/bin/dir` to use a custom
## File format ##
The text file format is a textual representation of the psf[1,2] font file
format, as presented here: http://www.win.tue.nl/~aeb/linux/kbd/font-formats-1.html
Lines starting with a hash char (#) are comments. Header fields and glyph
header lines may also have trailing comments, but lines that are part of a
glyphs bitmap data may not. Within comments, all chars are allowed, but
everywhere else, only ASCII chars are permissible.
You an also have empty lines anywhere except between a glyph header and the
end of the glyph bitmap data, where it will be interpreted as an all-zero
row of pixels.
The first non-comment non-whitespace line must be
where version is 1 or 2
Then follows the header, one field per line. Recognized header fields are:
: width of char in pixels. For psf1 fonts this is optional, but must be
set to 8 if specified. For psf2 files, whis need not be a multiple of 8.
: height of char in pixels.
: specification of ASCII char to be used for a set pixel (1 bit). Every
other char within a glyph definition is treated as a 0 bit. Default is '#'
After the header follow the glyphs. Each glyph starts with a single line
@<n> [: <unicode vals>]
n is the sequence number of the following glyph, starting from 0. You may
skip glyph numbers, if you do so, the place will be filled with an empty
glyph (a.k.a space) with empty unicode translation data. Unicode vals are
optional entries U+XXXX where XXXX is a 4 digit hex number for psf1 or more
digits for psf2. A comma starts a sequence, that is, multiple values that
when combined will result in this glyph. The full grammar for the unicode
vals is similar to how it is stored in the psf file:
<unicode vals> := <uc>*<seq>*<term>
<uc> := 'U+'<hex unicode value>
<seq> := ';'<uc><uc>*
<term> := '\n'
Immediately following the glyph header is the bitmap data for the glyph.
Bitmap data data are <height> lines of <width> ASCII chars representing the
pixels for the glyph. An empty line will be translated to a row of <width>
empty pixels. Note that there can be no comments between the glyph header
and the end of the glyph bitmap data.
See the file Demofont-Fixed8x6.txt for an example of how the textual
representation of a psf file looks. Note that if you compile this font with
psfc, the result will only work in a framebuffer console. You can change
the fonts' width to 8 to make it work in a text mode console.
## The tools ##
### psfd ###
psfd [file.psf [file.txt]]
converts psf (1 or 2) font files into a textual representation. If the output
file is omitted, defaults to stdout. If the input file is omitted or `-`,
defaults to stdin.
This does not call gzip for .psf.gz files, you need to decompress them before
passing them to psfd.
### psfc ###
psfc [file.txt [file.psf]]
converts a text file in the format described above into a psf1 or psf2 format
font file. If the output file is omitted, defaults to stdout. If the input
file is omitted or `-`, defaults to stdin.
### psfid ###
psfid [-v] [-w] [-h] [-n] [-u] font.psf
print information about a psf font:
* -v psf version
* -w font width
* -h font height
* -n number of chars in font
* -u presence of unicode translation table in font (1 for yes, 0 for no)
* -l list table of encoded chars
default if no options are specified is -v -w -h -n -u
### psft ###
psft cmd [opts]
perform actions on a psf font text file.
cmd is one of
`ren[umber] [infile [outfile]]`
: renumber glyphs. If infile is omitted of -, defaults to stdin.
If outfile is omitted, defaults to stdout.
`gen[erate] <version> [-w <width>] [-h <height>] [-n <num>] [-u] [outfile]`
: generate a new font template. version is 1 or 2, depending on
the psf version you want to generate. width and height default
to 8, and num (the amount of chars in the font) defaults to 256.
Specify -u to add sample unicode values to the template.
If outfile is omitted, defaults to stdout.
: print the help
## The Library ##
There is a small library the utils are based on. It consists of 2 files, psf.c and
a header file called psf.h. You can just drop those into your project, they have
no dependencies beyond standard ISO C. The documentation for the functions in the
library can be found as comments in psf.h.