A fast, lightweight and minimalistic Wayland terminal emulator
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foot(1)
# NAME
foot - Wayland terminal emulator
# SYNOPSIS
*foot* [_OPTIONS_]++
*foot* [_OPTIONS_] <_command_> [_COMMAND OPTIONS_]
All trailing (non-option) arguments are treated as a command, and its
arguments, to execute (instead of the default shell).
# DESCRIPTION
*foot* is a Wayland terminal emulator. Running it without arguments
will start a new terminal window with your default shell.
You can override the default shell by appending a custom command to
the foot command line
*foot sh -c "echo hello world && sleep 5"*
# OPTIONS
*-c*,*--config*=_PATH_
Path to configuration file. Default:
*$XDG_CONFIG_HOME/foot/foot.ini*.
*--check-config*
Verify configuration and then exit with 0 if ok, otherwise exit
with 1.
*-f*,*--font*=_FONT_
Comma separated list of fonts to use, in fontconfig format (see
*FONT FORMAT*).
The first font is the primary font. The remaining fonts are
fallback fonts that will be used whenever a glyph cannot be found
in the primary font.
The fallback fonts are searched in the order they appear. If a
glyph cannot be found in any of the fallback fonts, the dynamic
fallback list from fontconfig (for the primary font) is
searched.
Default: _monospace_.
*-w*,*--window-size-pixels*=_WIDTHxHEIGHT_
Set initial window width and height, in pixels. Default: _700x500_.
*-W*,*--window-size-chars*=_WIDTHxHEIGHT_
Set initial window width and height, in characters. Default: _not set_.
*-g*,*--geometry*=_WIDTHxHEIGHT_
Deprecated. Alias for *-w*,*--window-size-pixels*.
*-t*,*--term*=_TERM_
Value to set the environment variable *TERM* to. Default: _foot_.
*--title*=_TITLE_
Initial window title. Default: _foot_.
*-a*,*--app-id*=_ID_
Value to set the *app-id* property on the Wayland window
to. Default: _foot_.
*--maximized*
Start in maximized mode. If both *--maximized* and *--fullscreen*
are specified, the _last_ one takes precedence.
*--fullscreen*
Start in fullscreen mode. If both *--maximized* and *--fullscreen*
are specified, the _last_ one takes precedence.
*--login-shell*
Start a login shell, by prepending a '-' to argv[0].
*-s*,*--server*[=_PATH_]
Run as a server. In this mode, a single foot instance hosts
multiple terminals (windows). Use *footclient*(1) to launch new
terminals.
This saves some memory since for example fonts and glyph caches
can be shared between the terminals.
It also saves upstart time since the config has already been
loaded and parsed, and most importantly, fonts have already been
loaded (and their glyph caches are likely to already have been
populated).
Each terminal will have its own rendering threads, but all Wayland
communication, as well as input/output to the shell, is
multiplexed in the main thread. Thus, this mode might result in
slightly worse performance when multiple terminals are under heavy
load.
Also be aware that should one terminal crash, it will take all the
others with it.
The default path is
*$XDG\_RUNTIME\_DIR/foot-$WAYLAND\_DISPLAY.sock*.
If *$XDG\_RUNTIME\_DIR* is not set, the default path is instead
*/tmp/foot.sock*.
If *$XDG\_RUNTIME\_DIR* is set, but *$WAYLAND\_DISPLAY* is not,
the default path is *$XDG\_RUNTIME\_DIR/foot.sock*.
Note that if you change the default, you will also need to use the
*--server-socket* option in *footclient*(1) and point it to your
custom socket path.
*--hold*
Remain open after child process exits.
*-p*,*--print-pid*=_FILE_|_FD_
Print PID to this file, or FD, when successfully started. The file
(or FD) is closed immediately after writing the PID. When a _FILE_
as been specified, the file is unlinked at exit.
This option can only be used in combination with *-s*,*--server*.
*-l*,*--log-colorize*=[{*never*,*always*,*auto*}]
Enables or disables colorization of log output on stderr. Default:
_auto_.
*-S*,*--log-no-syslog*
Disables syslog logging. Logging is only done on stderr. This
option can only be used in combination with *-s*,*--server*.
*-v*,*--version*
Show the version number and quit.
# KEYBOARD SHORTCUTS
The following keyboard shortcuts are available.
## NORMAL MODE
Note that these are just the defaults; they can be changed in
*foot.ini(5)*.
*shift*+*page up*/*page down*
Scroll up/down in history
*ctrl*+*shift*+*c*
Copy selected text to the _clipboard_
*ctrl*+*shift*+*v*
Paste from _clipboard_
*shift*+*insert*
Paste from the _primary selection_.
*ctrl*+*shift*+*r*
Start a scrollback search
*ctrl*+*+*, *ctrl*+*=*
Increase font size by 1pt
*ctrl*+*-*
Decrease font size by 1pt
*ctrl*+*0*
Reset font size
*ctrl*+*shift*+*n*
Spawn a new terminal. If the shell has been configured to emit the
_OSC 7_ escape sequence, the new terminal will start in the
current working directory.
## SCROLLBACK SEARCH
*ctrl*+*r*
Search _backward_ for the next match
*ctrl*+*s*
Search _forward_ for the next match
*ctrl*+*w*
Extend current selection (and thus the search criteria) to the end
of the word, or the next word if currently at a word separating
character.
*ctrl*+*shift*+*w*
Same as *ctrl*+*w*, except that the only word separating
characters are whitespace characters.
*escape*, *ctrl*+*g*
Cancel the search
*return*
Finish the search and copy the current match to the primary
selection. The terminal selection is kept, allowing you to press
*ctrl*+*shift*+*c* to copy it to the clipboard.
# MOUSE SHORTCUTS
*left*, single-click
Drag to select; when released, the selected text is copied to the
_primary_ selection. This feature is normally *disabled* whenever
the client has enabled _mouse tracking_, but can be forced by
holding *shift*.
Holding *ctrl* will create a block selection.
*left*, double-click
Selects the _word_ (separated by spaces, period, comma,
parenthesis etc) under the pointer. Hold *ctrl* to select
everything under the pointer up to, and until, the next space
characters.
*left*, triple-click
Selects the entire row
*middle*
Paste from the _primary_ selection
*right*
Extend current selection. Clicking immediately extends the
selection, while hold-and-drag allows you to interactively resize
the selection.
*wheel*
Scroll up/down in history
# FONT FORMAT
The font is specified in FontConfig syntax. That is, a colon-separated
list of font name and font options.
_Examples_:
- Dina:weight=bold:slant=italic
- Courier New:size=12
# ALT/META CHARACTERS
By default, foot prefixes meta characters with *ESC*. This corresponds
to XTerm's *metaSendsEscape* option set to *true*.
This can be disabled programmatically with *\E[?1036l* (and enabled
again with *\E[?1036h*).
When disabled, foot will instead set the 8:th bit of meta character
and then UTF-8 encode it. This corresponds to XTerm's *eightBitMeta*
option set to *true*.
This can also be disabled programmatically with *rmm* (Reset Meta Mode,
*\E[?1034l*), and enabled again with *smm* (Set Meta Mode,
*\E[?1034h*).
# BACKSPACE
Foot transmits DEL (*^?*) on backspace. This corresponds to XTerm's
*backarrowKey* option set to *false*, and to DECBKM being _reset_.
To instead transmit BS (*^H*), press *ctrl*+*backspace*.
Note that foot does *not* implement DECBKM, and that the behavior
described above *cannot* be changed.
Finally, pressing *alt* will prefix the transmitted byte with ESC.
# KEYPAD
By default, *Num Lock* overrides the run-time configuration keypad
mode; when active, the keypad is always considered to be in
_numerical_ mode. This corresponds to XTerm's *numLock* option set to
*true*.
In this mode, the keypad keys always sends either numbers (Num Lock is
active) or cursor movement keys (up, down, left, right, page up, page
down etc).
This can be disabled programmatically with *\E[?1035l* (and enabled
again with *\E[?1035h*).
When disabled, the keypad sends custom escape sequences instead of
numbers, when in _application_ mode.
# CONFIGURATION
See *foot.ini*(5)
# BUGS
Please report bugs to https://codeberg.org/dnkl/foot/issues
The report should contain the following:
- Which Wayland compositor (and version) you are running
- Foot version (*foot --version*)
- Log output from foot (start foot from another terminal)
- If reporting a crash, please try to provide a *bt full* backtrace
with symbols
- Steps to reproduce. The more details the better
# SEE ALSO
*foot.ini*(5), *footclient*(1)