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#!/bin/sh
#
# Copyright (c) 2016 Will Andrews
# All rights reserved.
#
# Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
# modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
# are met:
# 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
# notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer
# in this position and unchanged.
# 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
# notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
# documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
#
# THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR
# IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES
# OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.
# IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT,
# INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT
# NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
# DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
# THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
# (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF
# THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
#
# $FreeBSD$
#
##
# Install a boot environment using the current FreeBSD source tree.
# Requires a fully built world & kernel.
#
# Non-base tools required: pkg
#
# In a sandbox for the new boot environment, this script also runs etcupdate
# and pkg upgrade automatically in the sandbox. Upon successful completion,
# the system will be ready to boot into the new boot environment. Upon
# failure, the target boot environment will be destroyed. In all cases, the
# running system is left untouched.
#
## Usage:
# beinstall [optional world/kernel flags e.g. KERNCONF]
#
## User modifiable variables - set these in the environment if desired.
# Utility to manage ZFS boot environments.
BE_UTILITY="${BE_UTILITY:-"bectl"}"
# If not empty, 'pkg upgrade' will be skipped.
NO_PKG_UPGRADE="${NO_PKG_UPGRADE:-""}"
# Config updater - 'etcupdate' and 'mergemaster' are supported. Set to an
# empty string to skip.
CONFIG_UPDATER="${CONFIG_UPDATER:-"etcupdate"}"
# Flags for etcupdate if used.
ETCUPDATE_FLAGS="${ETCUPDATE_FLAGS:-"-F"}"
# Flags for mergemaster if used.
MERGEMASTER_FLAGS="${MERGEMASTER_FLAGS:-"-iFU"}"
########################################################################
## Functions
cleanup() {
[ -z "${cleanup_commands}" ] && return
echo "Cleaning up ..."
for command in ${cleanup_commands}; do
${command}
done
}
errx() {
cleanup
echo "error: $@"
exit 1
}
rmdir_be() {
chflags -R noschg ${BE_MNTPT}
rm -rf ${BE_MNTPT}
}
unmount_be() {
mount | grep " on ${BE_MNTPT}" | awk '{print $3}' | sort -r | xargs -t umount -f
}
copy_pkgs() {
# Before cleaning up, try to save progress in pkg(8) updates, to
# speed up future updates. This is only called on the error path;
# no need to run on success.
echo "Rsyncing back newly saved packages..."
rsync -av --progress ${BE_MNTPT}/var/cache/pkg/. /var/cache/pkg/.
}
cleanup_be() {
# Before destroying, unmount any child filesystems that may have
# been mounted under the boot environment. Sort them in reverse
# order so children are unmounted first.
unmount_be
# Finally, clean up any directories that were created by the
# operation, via cleanup_be_dirs().
if [ -n "${created_be_dirs}" ]; then
chroot ${BE_MNTPT} /bin/rm -rf ${created_be_dirs}
fi
${BE_UTILITY} destroy -F ${BENAME}
}
create_be_dirs() {
echo "${BE_MNTPT}: Inspecting dirs $*"
for dir in $*; do
curdir="$dir"
topdir="$dir"
while :; do
[ -e "${BE_MNTPT}${curdir}" ] && break
topdir=$curdir
curdir=$(dirname ${curdir})
done
[ "$curdir" = "$dir" ] && continue
# Add the top-most nonexistent directory to the list, then
# mkdir -p the innermost directory specified by the argument.
# This way the least number of directories are rm'd directly.
created_be_dirs="${topdir} ${created_be_dirs}"
echo "${BE_MNTPT}: Created ${dir}"
mkdir -p ${BE_MNTPT}${dir} || return $?
done
return 0
}
update_mergemaster_pre() {
${MERGEMASTER_CMD} -p -m ${srcdir} -D ${BE_MNTPT} -t ${BE_MM_ROOT} ${MERGEMASTER_FLAGS}
}
update_mergemaster() {
${MERGEMASTER_CMD} -m ${srcdir} -D ${BE_MNTPT} -t ${BE_MM_ROOT} ${MERGEMASTER_FLAGS}
}
update_etcupdate_pre() {
${ETCUPDATE_CMD} -p -s ${srcdir} -D ${BE_MNTPT} ${ETCUPDATE_FLAGS} || return $?
${ETCUPDATE_CMD} resolve -D ${BE_MNTPT} || return $?
}
update_etcupdate() {
chroot ${BE_MNTPT} \
${ETCUPDATE_CMD} -s ${srcdir} ${ETCUPDATE_FLAGS} || return $?
chroot ${BE_MNTPT} ${ETCUPDATE_CMD} resolve
}
# Special command-line subcommand that can be used to do a full cleanup
# after a manual post-mortem has been completed.
postmortem() {
[ -n "${BENAME}" ] || errx "Must specify BENAME"
[ -n "${BE_MNTPT}" ] || errx "Must specify BE_MNTPT"
echo "Performing post-mortem on BE ${BENAME} at ${BE_MNTPT} ..."
unmount_be
rmdir_be
echo "Post-mortem cleanup complete."
echo "To destroy the BE (recommended), run: ${BE_UTILITY} destroy ${BENAME}"
echo "To instead continue with the BE, run: ${BE_UTILITY} activate ${BENAME}"
}
if [ -n "$BEINSTALL_CMD" ]; then
${BEINSTALL_CMD} $*
exit $?
fi
if [ "$(basename -- "${BE_UTILITY}")" = "bectl" ]; then
${BE_UTILITY} check || errx "${BE_UTILITY} sanity check failed"
fi
cleanup_commands=""
trap 'errx "Interrupt caught"' HUP INT TERM
[ "$(whoami)" != "root" ] && errx "Must be run as root"
[ ! -f "Makefile.inc1" ] && errx "Must be in FreeBSD source tree"
srcdir=$(pwd)
objdir=$(make -V .OBJDIR 2>/dev/null)
[ ! -d "${objdir}" ] && errx "Must have built FreeBSD from source tree"
## Constants
ETCUPDATE_CMD="${srcdir}/usr.sbin/etcupdate/etcupdate.sh"
MERGEMASTER_CMD="${srcdir}/usr.sbin/mergemaster/mergemaster.sh"
# May be a worktree, in which case .git is a file, not a directory.
if [ -e .git ] ; then
commit_time=$(git show --format='%ct' 2>/dev/null | head -1)
[ $? -ne 0 ] && errx "Can't lookup git commit timestamp"
commit_ts=$(date -r ${commit_time} '+%Y%m%d.%H%M%S')
elif [ -d .svn ] ; then
if [ -e /usr/bin/svnlite ]; then
svn=/usr/bin/svnlite
elif [ -e /usr/local/bin/svn ]; then
svn=/usr/local/bin/svn
else
errx "Unable to find subversion"
fi
commit_ts="$( "$svn" info --show-item last-changed-date | sed -e 's/\..*//' -e 's/T/./' -e 's/-//g' -e s'/://g' )"
[ $? -ne 0 ] && errx "Can't lookup Subversion commit timestamp"
else
errx "Unable to determine source control type"
fi
commit_ver=$(${objdir}/bin/freebsd-version/freebsd-version -u 2>/dev/null)
[ -z "${commit_ver}" ] && errx "Unable to determine FreeBSD version"
BENAME="${commit_ver}-${commit_ts}"
BE_TMP=$(mktemp -d /tmp/beinstall.XXXXXX)
[ $? -ne 0 -o ! -d ${BE_TMP} ] && errx "Unable to create mountpoint"
[ -z "$NO_CLEANUP_BE" ] && cleanup_commands="rmdir_be ${cleanup_commands}"
BE_MNTPT=${BE_TMP}/mnt
BE_MM_ROOT=${BE_TMP}/mergemaster # mergemaster will create
mkdir -p ${BE_MNTPT}
${BE_UTILITY} create ${BENAME} >/dev/null || errx "Unable to create BE ${BENAME}"
[ -z "$NO_CLEANUP_BE" ] && cleanup_commands="cleanup_be ${cleanup_commands}"
${BE_UTILITY} mount ${BENAME} ${BE_TMP}/mnt || errx "Unable to mount BE ${BENAME}."
echo "Mounted ${BENAME} to ${BE_MNTPT}, performing install/update ..."
make "$@" DESTDIR=${BE_MNTPT} installkernel || errx "Installkernel failed!"
if [ -n "${CONFIG_UPDATER}" ]; then
"update_${CONFIG_UPDATER}_pre"
[ $? -ne 0 ] && errx "${CONFIG_UPDATER} (pre-world) failed!"
fi
# Mount the source and object tree within the BE in order to account for any
# changes applied by the pre-installworld updater. Cleanup any directories
# created if they didn't exist previously.
create_be_dirs "${srcdir}" "${objdir}" || errx "Unable to create BE dirs"
mount -t nullfs "${srcdir}" "${BE_MNTPT}${srcdir}" || errx "Unable to mount src"
mount -t nullfs "${objdir}" "${BE_MNTPT}${objdir}" || errx "Unable to mount obj"
mount -t devfs devfs "${BE_MNTPT}/dev" || errx "Unable to mount devfs"
chroot ${BE_MNTPT} make "$@" -C ${srcdir} installworld || \
errx "Installworld failed!"
if [ -n "${CONFIG_UPDATER}" ]; then
"update_${CONFIG_UPDATER}"
[ $? -ne 0 ] && errx "${CONFIG_UPDATER} (post-world) failed!"
fi
if which rsync >/dev/null 2>&1; then
cleanup_commands="copy_pkgs ${cleanup_commands}"
fi
BE_PKG="chroot ${BE_MNTPT} env ASSUME_ALWAYS_YES=true pkg"
if [ -z "${NO_PKG_UPGRADE}" ]; then
${BE_PKG} update || errx "Unable to update pkg"
${BE_PKG} upgrade || errx "Unable to upgrade pkgs"
fi
if [ -n "$NO_CLEANUP_BE" ]; then
echo "Boot Environment ${BENAME} may be examined in ${BE_MNTPT}."
echo "Afterwards, run this to cleanup:"
echo " env BENAME=${BENAME} BE_MNTPT=${BE_MNTPT} BEINSTALL_CMD=postmortem $0"
exit 0
fi
unmount_be || errx "Unable to unmount BE"
rmdir_be || errx "Unable to cleanup BE"
${BE_UTILITY} activate ${BENAME} || errx "Unable to activate BE"
echo
${BE_UTILITY} list
echo
echo "Boot environment ${BENAME} setup complete; reboot to use it."