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300 lines
10 KiB

/*
* Copyright (c) 2000 John Baldwin
*
* Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
* modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
* are met:
* 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
* 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
* documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
*
* THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
* ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
* IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
* ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
* FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
* DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
* OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
* HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
* LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
* OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
* SUCH DAMAGE.
*
* $FreeBSD$
*/
/*
* This simple program is a preloader for the normal boot3 loader. It is simply
* prepended to the beginning of a fully built and btxld'd loader. It then
* copies the loader to the address boot2 normally loads it, emulates the
* boot[12] environment (protected mode, a bootinfo struct, etc.), and then jumps
* to the start of btxldr to start the boot process. This method allows a stock
* /boot/loader to be booted over the network via PXE w/o having to write a
* separate PXE-aware client just to load the loader.
*/
#include <sys/reboot.h>
#include <bootargs.h>
/*
* Memory locations.
*/
.set MEM_PAGE_SIZE,0x1000 # memory page size, 4k
.set MEM_ARG,0x900 # Arguments at start
.set MEM_ARG_BTX,0xa100 # Where we move them to so the
# BTX client can see them
.set MEM_ARG_SIZE,0x18 # Size of the arguments
.set MEM_BTX_ADDRESS,0x9000 # where BTX lives
.set MEM_BTX_ENTRY,0x9010 # where BTX starts to execute
.set MEM_BTX_OFFSET,MEM_PAGE_SIZE # offset of BTX in the loader
.set MEM_BTX_CLIENT,0xa000 # where BTX clients live
.set MEM_BIOS_KEYBOARD,0x496 # BDA byte with keyboard bit
/*
* a.out header fields
*/
.set AOUT_TEXT,0x04 # text segment size
.set AOUT_DATA,0x08 # data segment size
.set AOUT_BSS,0x0c # zero'd BSS size
.set AOUT_SYMBOLS,0x10 # symbol table
.set AOUT_ENTRY,0x14 # entry point
.set AOUT_HEADER,MEM_PAGE_SIZE # size of the a.out header
/*
* Segment selectors.
*/
.set SEL_SDATA,0x8 # Supervisor data
.set SEL_RDATA,0x10 # Real mode data
.set SEL_SCODE,0x18 # PM-32 code
.set SEL_SCODE16,0x20 # PM-16 code
/*
* BTX constants
*/
.set INT_SYS,0x30 # BTX syscall interrupt
/*
* Bit in MEM_BIOS_KEYBOARD that is set if an enhanced keyboard is present
*/
.set KEYBOARD_BIT,0x10
/*
* We expect to be loaded by the BIOS at 0x7c00 (standard boot loader entry
* point)
*/
.code16
.globl start
.org 0x0, 0x0
/*
* BTX program loader for PXE network booting
*/
start: cld # string ops inc
xorw %ax, %ax # zero %ax
movw %ax, %ss # setup the
movw $start, %sp # stack
movw %es, %cx # save PXENV+ segment
movw %ax, %ds # setup the
movw %ax, %es # data segments
andl $0xffff, %ecx # clear upper words
andl $0xffff, %ebx # of %ebx and %ecx
shll $4, %ecx # calculate the offset of
addl %ebx, %ecx # the PXENV+ struct and
pushl %ecx # save it on the stack
movw $welcome_msg, %si # %ds:(%si) -> welcome message
callw putstr # display the welcome message
/*
* Setup the arguments that the loader is expecting from boot[12]
*/
movw $bootinfo_msg, %si # %ds:(%si) -> boot args message
callw putstr # display the message
movw $MEM_ARG, %bx # %ds:(%bx) -> boot args
movw %bx, %di # %es:(%di) -> boot args
xorl %eax, %eax # zero %eax
movw $(MEM_ARG_SIZE/4), %cx # Size of arguments in 32-bit
# dwords
rep # Clear the arguments
stosl # to zero
orb $KARGS_FLAGS_PXE, 0x8(%bx) # kargs->bootflags |=
# KARGS_FLAGS_PXE
popl 0xc(%bx) # kargs->pxeinfo = *PXENV+
#ifdef ALWAYS_SERIAL
/*
* set the RBX_SERIAL bit in the howto byte.
*/
orl $RB_SERIAL, (%bx) # enable serial console
#endif
#ifdef PROBE_KEYBOARD
/*
* Look at the BIOS data area to see if we have an enhanced keyboard. If not,
* set the RBX_DUAL and RBX_SERIAL bits in the howto byte.
*/
testb $KEYBOARD_BIT, MEM_BIOS_KEYBOARD # keyboard present?
jnz keyb # yes, so skip
orl $(RB_MULTIPLE | RB_SERIAL), (%bx) # enable serial console
keyb:
#endif
/*
* Turn on the A20 address line
*/
callw seta20 # Turn A20 on
/*
* Relocate the loader and BTX using a very lazy protected mode
*/
movw $relocate_msg, %si # Display the
callw putstr # relocation message
movl end+AOUT_ENTRY, %edi # %edi is the destination
movl $(end+AOUT_HEADER), %esi # %esi is
# the start of the text
# segment
movl end+AOUT_TEXT, %ecx # %ecx = length of the text
# segment
lgdt gdtdesc # setup our own gdt
cli # turn off interrupts
movl %cr0, %eax # Turn on
orb $0x1, %al # protected
movl %eax, %cr0 # mode
ljmp $SEL_SCODE,$pm_start # long jump to clear the
# instruction pre-fetch queue
.code32
pm_start: movw $SEL_SDATA, %ax # Initialize
movw %ax, %ds # %ds and
movw %ax, %es # %es to a flat selector
rep # Relocate the
movsb # text segment
addl $(MEM_PAGE_SIZE - 1), %edi # pad %edi out to a new page
andl $~(MEM_PAGE_SIZE - 1), %edi # for the data segment
movl end+AOUT_DATA, %ecx # size of the data segment
rep # Relocate the
movsb # data segment
movl end+AOUT_BSS, %ecx # size of the bss
xorl %eax, %eax # zero %eax
addb $3, %cl # round %ecx up to
shrl $2, %ecx # a multiple of 4
rep # zero the
stosl # bss
movl end+AOUT_ENTRY, %esi # %esi -> relocated loader
addl $MEM_BTX_OFFSET, %esi # %esi -> BTX in the loader
movl $MEM_BTX_ADDRESS, %edi # %edi -> where BTX needs to go
movzwl 0xa(%esi), %ecx # %ecx -> length of BTX
rep # Relocate
movsb # BTX
ljmp $SEL_SCODE16,$pm_16 # Jump to 16-bit PM
.code16
pm_16: movw $SEL_RDATA, %ax # Initialize
movw %ax, %ds # %ds and
movw %ax, %es # %es to a real mode selector
movl %cr0, %eax # Turn off
andb $~0x1, %al # protected
movl %eax, %cr0 # mode
ljmp $0,$pm_end # Long jump to clear the
# instruction pre-fetch queue
pm_end: sti # Turn interrupts back on now
/*
* Copy the BTX client to MEM_BTX_CLIENT
*/
xorw %ax, %ax # zero %ax and set
movw %ax, %ds # %ds and %es
movw %ax, %es # to segment 0
movw $MEM_BTX_CLIENT, %di # Prepare to relocate
movw $btx_client, %si # the simple btx client
movw $(btx_client_end-btx_client), %cx # length of btx client
rep # Relocate the
movsb # simple BTX client
/*
* Copy the boot[12] args to where the BTX client can see them
*/
movw $MEM_ARG, %si # where the args are at now
movw $MEM_ARG_BTX, %di # where the args are moving to
movw $(MEM_ARG_SIZE/4), %cx # size of the arguments in longs
rep # Relocate
movsl # the words
/*
* Save the entry point so the client can get to it later on
*/
movl end+AOUT_ENTRY, %eax # load the entry point
stosl # add it to the end of the
# arguments
/*
* Now we just start up BTX and let it do the rest
*/
movw $jump_message, %si # Display the
callw putstr # jump message
ljmp $0,$MEM_BTX_ENTRY # Jump to the BTX entry point
/*
* Display a null-terminated string
*/
putstr: lodsb # load %al from %ds:(%si)
testb %al,%al # stop at null
jnz putc # if the char != null, output it
retw # return when null is hit
putc: movw $0x7,%bx # attribute for output
movb $0xe,%ah # BIOS: put_char
int $0x10 # call BIOS, print char in %al
jmp putstr # keep looping
/*
* Enable A20. Put an upper limit on the amount of time we wait for the
* keyboard controller to get ready (65K x ISA access time). If
* we wait more than that amount, the hardware is probably
* legacy-free and simply doesn't have a keyboard controller.
* Thus, the A20 line is already enabled.
*/
seta20: cli # Disable interrupts
xor %cx,%cx # Clear
seta20.1: inc %cx # Increment, overflow?
jz seta20.3 # Yes
inb $0x64,%al # Get status
testb $0x2,%al # Busy?
jnz seta20.1 # Yes
movb $0xd1,%al # Command: Write
outb %al,$0x64 # output port
seta20.2: inb $0x64,%al # Get status
testb $0x2,%al # Busy?
jnz seta20.2 # Yes
movb $0xdf,%al # Enable
outb %al,$0x60 # A20
seta20.3: sti # Enable interrupts
retw # To caller
/*
* BTX client to start btxldr
*/
.code32
btx_client: movl $(MEM_ARG_BTX-MEM_BTX_CLIENT+MEM_ARG_SIZE-4), %esi
# %ds:(%esi) -> end
# of boot[12] args
movl $(MEM_ARG_SIZE/4), %ecx # Number of words to push
std # Go backwards
push_arg: lodsl # Read argument
pushl %eax # Push it onto the stack
loop push_arg # Push all of the arguments
cld # In case anyone depends on this
pushl MEM_ARG_BTX-MEM_BTX_CLIENT+MEM_ARG_SIZE # Entry point of
# the loader
pushl %eax # Emulate a near call
movl $0x1, %eax # 'exec' system call
int $INT_SYS # BTX system call
btx_client_end:
.code16
.p2align 4
/*
* Global descriptor table.
*/
gdt: .word 0x0,0x0,0x0,0x0 # Null entry
.word 0xffff,0x0,0x9200,0xcf # SEL_SDATA
.word 0xffff,0x0,0x9200,0x0 # SEL_RDATA
.word 0xffff,0x0,0x9a00,0xcf # SEL_SCODE (32-bit)
.word 0xffff,0x0,0x9a00,0x8f # SEL_SCODE16 (16-bit)
gdt.1:
/*
* Pseudo-descriptors.
*/
gdtdesc: .word gdt.1-gdt-1 # Limit
.long gdt # Base
welcome_msg: .asciz "PXE Loader 1.00\r\n\n"
bootinfo_msg: .asciz "Building the boot loader arguments\r\n"
relocate_msg: .asciz "Relocating the loader and the BTX\r\n"
jump_message: .asciz "Starting the BTX loader\r\n"
.p2align 4
end: