Bash scripts for backup/restore of Nextcloud https://decatec.de
You can not select more than 25 topics Topics must start with a letter or number, can include dashes ('-') and can be up to 35 characters long.
DecaTec 2b21c03a95 Changelog 4 months ago
CHANGELOG.md Changelog 4 months ago
LICENSE License 7 months ago
NextcloudBackup.sh Backup dir was not recognized when given by parameter 4 months ago
NextcloudBackupRestore.conf.sample includeUpdaterBackups variable in NextcloudBackupRestore.conf.sample 4 months ago
NextcloudRestore.sh Bump version 4 months ago
README.md Detect working directoy so that config file can be found when calling by cron 4 months ago
setup.sh Bump version 4 months ago

README.md

release

Nextcloud-Backup-Restore

This repository contains two bash scripts for backup/restore of Nextcloud.

It is based on a Nextcloud installation using nginx and MariaDB (see the (German) tutorial Nextcloud auf Ubuntu Server 20.04 LTS mit nginx, MariaDB, PHP, Let’s Encrypt, Redis und Fail2ban).

General information

For a complete backup of any Nextcloud instance, you'll have to backup these items:

  • The Nextcloud file directory (usually /var/www/nextcloud)
  • The data directory of Nextcloud (it's recommended that this is not located in the web root, so e.g. /var/nextcloud_data)
  • The Nextcloud database
  • Maybe a local external storage mounted into Nextcloud

The scripts take care of these items to backup automatically.

Requirements

  • pigz (https://zlib.net/pigz/) when using backup compression. If not installed already, it can be installed with apt install pigz (Debian/Ubuntu). If not available, you can use another compression algorithm (e.g. gzip)

Important notes about using the scripts

  • After cloning or downloading the scripts, these need to be set up by running the script setup.sh (see below).
  • If you do not want to use the automated setup, you can also use the file NextcloudBackupRestore.conf.sample as a starting point. Just make sure to rename the file when you are done (cp NextcloudBackupRestore.conf.sample NextcloudBackupRestore.conf)
  • The configuration file NextcloudBackupRestore.conf has to be located in the same directory as the scripts for backup/restore.
  • The scripts assume that Nextcloud's data directory is not a subdirectory of the Nextcloud installation (file directory). The general recommendation is that the data directory should not be located somewhere in the web folder of your webserver (usually /var/www/), but in a different folder (e.g. /var/nextcloud_data). For more information, see here.
  • However, if your data directory is located under the Nextcloud file directory, you'll have to change the script configuration (file NextcloudBackupRestore.conf after running setup.sh) so that the data directory is not part of the backup/restore (otherwise, it would be copied twice).
  • The scripts only backup the Nextcloud data directory and can backup a local external storage mounted into Nextcloud. If you have any other external storage mounted in Nextcloud (e.g. FTP), these files have to be handled separately.
  • The scripts support MariaDB/MySQL and PostgreSQL as database.
  • You should have enabled 4 byte support (see Nextcloud Administration Manual) on your Nextcloud database. Otherwise, when you have not enabled 4 byte support, you have to edit the restore script, so that the database is not created with 4 byte support enabled (variable dbNoMultibyte).

Setup

  1. Clone the repository: git clone https://codeberg.org/DecaTec/Nextcloud-Backup-Restore.git
  2. Set permissions:
    • chown -R root Nextcloud-Backup-Restore
    • cd Nextcloud-Backup-Restore
    • chmod 700 *.sh
  3. Call the (interactive) script for automated setup (this will create a file NextcloudBackupRestore.conf containing the desired configuration): ./setup.sh
  4. Important: Check this configuration file if everything was set up correctly (see TODO in the configuration files's comments)
  5. Start using the scripts: See sections Backup and Restore below

Keep in mind that the configuration file NextcloudBackupRestore.conf hast to be located in the same directory as the scripts for backup/restore, otherwise the configuration will not be found.

Backup

In order to create a backup, simply call the script NextcloudBackup.sh on your Nextcloud machine. If this script is called without parameter, the backup is saved in a directory with the current time stamp in your main backup directory: As an example, this would be /media/hdd/nextcloud_backup/20170910_132703. The backup script can also be called with a parameter specifiying the main backup directory, e.g. ./NextcloudBackup.sh /media/hdd/nextcloud_backup. In this case, the directory specified will be used as main backup directory.

You can also call this script by cron. Example (at 2am every night, with log output):

0 2 * * * /path/to/scripts/Nextcloud-Backup-Restore/NextcloudBackup.sh > /path/to/logs/Nextcloud-Backup-$(date +\%Y\%m\%d\%H\%M\%S).log 2>&1

Restore

For restore, just call NextcloudRestore.sh. This script expects at least one parameter specifying the name of the backup to be restored. In our example, this would be 20170910_132703 (the time stamp of the backup created before). The full command for a restore would be ./NextcloudRestore.sh 20170910_132703. You can also specify the main backup directory with a second parameter, e.g. ./NextcloudRestore.sh 20170910_132703 /media/hdd/nextcloud_backup.